A red-pigmented, bacteriochlorophyll (BChl) a-producing strain, AP64T, was isolated previously from the freshwater Swan Lake located in the western Gobi Desert. Based on its 16S rRNA gene sequence identity (96.1 %) to the type strain Gemmatimonas aurantiaca T-27T, the new isolate was tentatively classified as a member of the bacterial phylum Gemmatimonadetes. Here, we report its formal description and polyphasic characterization. Strain AP64T grew best on agar media under 9.8–15.2 % atmospheric oxygen. The cells were rods, dividing by symmetrical or asymmetrical binary fission. Budding structures were also observed. Its genomic DNA G+C content was 64.4 % (from the draft genome sequence). Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence clearly separated AP64T from related species. Its genotypic differentiation from phylogenetically close relatives was further supported by performing in silico DNA–DNA hybridization and calculating average nucleotide identity, whereas the high percentage (67.3 %) of shared conserved proteins between strain AP64T and Gemmatimonas aurantiaca T-27T supports the classification of the two strains into the same genus. Strain AP64T contained C16 : 1, C14 : 1 and C18 : 1ω9c as predominant fatty acids. The main respiratory quinone was menaquinone 8 (MK-8). The most distinctive feature of strain AP64T was the presence of fully functional purple bacterial photosynthetic reaction centres. The main CO2-fixation pathways were absent. Strain AP64T was capable of growth and BChl production in constant darkness. Thus, strain AP64T is a facultatively photoheterotrophic organism. It represents a novel species of the genus Gemmatimonas, for which the name Gemmatimonas phototrophica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is AP64T ( = DSM 29774T = MCCC 1K00454T). Emended descriptions of the genus Gemmatimonas and Gemmatimonas aurantiaca are also provided.
A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic bacterium, designated strain YIM 77409T, was isolated from the Niujie hot spring in the Eryuan county of Dali, Yunnan province, south-west China. Cells of the strain were rod-shaped and colonies were yellow and circular. The strain grew at pH 6.0–8.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and 50–70°C (optimum, 60–65°C). The predominant menaquinone was MK-8 and the DNA G+C content was 66.4 mol%. Major fatty acids (>10 %) were iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0.The polar lipids consisted of one aminophospholipid, one phospholipid and two glycolipids. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain YIM 77409T formed a cluster with Thermus scotoductus DSM 8553T, Thermus antranikianii DSM 12462T, Thermus caliditerrae YIM 77925T and Thermus tengchongensis YIM 77924T, with highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to T. scotoductus DSM 8553T (97.57 %). However, DNA–DNA hybridization indicated that strain YIM 77409T should be viewed as a representative of a novel species, as there was only 30.6 ± 1.6 % reassociation with T. scotoductus DSM 8553T. On the basis of the morphological and chemotaxonomic characteristics, as well as the genotypic data, it is proposed that strain YIM 77409T represents a novel species of the genus Thermus, with the name Thermus amyloliquefaciens sp. nov. The type strain is YIM 77409T ( = DSM 25898T = KCTC 32024T).
A Gram-stain-positive, ovoid, lactic acid bacterium, strain LMG 27676T, was isolated from a spoiled sous-vide-cooked rutabaga. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that the novel strain belongs to the genus Leuconostoc, with Leuconostoc kimchii and Leuconostoc miyukkimchii as the nearest neighbours (99.1 and 98.8 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity towards the type strain, respectively). Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene, multilocus sequence analysis of the pheS, rpoA and atpA genes, and biochemical and genotypic characteristics allowed differentiation of strain LMG 27676T from all established species of the genus Leuconostoc. Strain LMG 27676T ( = R-50029T = MHB 277T = DSM 27776T) therefore represents the type strain of a novel species, for which the name Leuconostoc rapi sp. nov. is proposed.