A Gram-positive, endospore-forming, lactic acid bacterium was isolated from spoiled orange juice. The organism, strain QC81-06T, grew microaerobically or anaerobically at 30–45 °C (optimum 35 °C) and pH 3.5–5.5 (optimum pH 4.5), and produced acid from various sugars. d-Lactic acid was produced. It contained menaquinone-7 as the major isoprenoid quinone. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 47.5 mol%. The predominant cellular fatty acids of the strain were iso-C16 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. Phylogenetic analyses based on the 16S rRNA gene and gyrB gene (DNA gyrase B subunit gene) revealed that strain QC81-06T clustered with Sporolactobacillus species but the strain was clearly distinct from other Sporolactobacillus species with significant bootstrap values. The levels of 16S rRNA gene and gyrB gene sequence similarities between strain QC81-06T and the other strains of the cluster were 96.0–97.0 % and 75.1–77.2 %, respectively. On the basis of these results, strain QC81-06T should be classified as a novel Sporolactobacillus species for which the name Sporolactobacillus putidus is proposed. The type strain is strain QC81-06T (=DSM 21265T=JCM 15325T).
A Gram-stain-positive, obligately alkaliphilic bacterium designated strain GMBE 72T was isolated from mushroom compost from Yalova, located in the Marmara region of Turkey. Cells were aerobic, straight rods and they formed subterminal to terminal ellipsoidal endospores. The isolate was catalase-positive, oxidase-negative and motile and contained a type A1γ peptidoglycan based on meso-diaminopimelic acid. The strain grew at pH 8.0–12.5. The major cellular fatty acid was anteiso-C15 : 0. The genomic DNA G+C content was 40.2 mol%. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing showed that strain GMBE 72T belonged to the genus Bacillus and exhibited 98.2 % sequence similarity to Bacillus pseudofirmus DSM 8715T. DNA–DNA reassociation was 56 % between GMBE 72T and B. pseudofirmus DSM 8715T. According to our polyphasic characterization, strain GMBE 72T represents a novel species of the genus Bacillus, for which the name Bacillus marmarensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is GMBE 72T (=DSM 21297T =JCM 15719T).
Identification of a bacterial strain, designated CJ71T, was carried out using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Strain CJ71T was isolated from sediment from the estuarine wetland of the Han River, South Korea, by enrichment culture using pyrene as the sole carbon and energy source. The isolate was white-pigmented, rod-shaped, Gram-positive, strictly aerobic and motile. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain CJ71T had the highest sequence similarity (96.9 %) to Brevibacillus formosus DSM 9885T. The predominant cellular fatty acids in strain CJ71T were anteiso-C15 : 0 (49.5 %), iso-C15 : 0 (16.9 %), iso-C14 : 0 (16.9 %) and iso-C16 : 0 (4.9 %). The major isoprenoid quinone was MK-7. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 52.4 mol%. Results from the polyphasic taxonomic study suggest that strain CJ71T represents a novel species of the genus Brevibacillus for which the name Brevibacillus fluminis sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is CJ71T (=KACC 13381T=JCM 15716T)
Although Anoxybacillus and Geobacillus, two genera of thermophilic bacteria close to the genus Bacillus, have only been described recently, the number of species in these genera has increased rapidly. Four thermophilic, lipolytic strains (DR01, DR02, DR03 and DR04) isolated from a hot spring in Veracruz (Mexico), which could not be identified phenotypically, were subjected to 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Three strains were identified as belonging to the genus Anoxybacillus, but strain DR03 was identified as Geobacillus pallidus. This result led us to perform a phylogenetic analysis of the genera Anoxybacillus and Geobacillus based on 16S rRNA gene sequences from all the type strains of these genera. Phylogenetic trees showed three major clusters, Anoxybacillus–Geobacillus tepidamans, Geobacillus sensu stricto and Geobacillus pallidus, while the 16S rRNA gene sequences of G. pallidus (DR03 and the type strain) showed low similarity to sequences of Anoxybacillus (92.5–95.1 %) and Geobacillus (92.8–94.5 %) species, as well as to Bacillus subtilis (92.2–92.4 %). In addition, G. pallidus could be differentiated from Anoxybacillus and Geobacillus on the basis of DNA G+C content and fatty acid and polar lipid profiles. From these results, it is proposed that Geobacillus pallidus should be classified in a novel genus, for which we propose the name Aeribacillus, as Aeribacillus pallidus gen. nov., comb. nov. The type strain of Aeribacillus pallidus is H12T (=ATCC 51176T =DSM 3670T =LMG 19006T).
A novel strain, HY-22RT, was isolated from soil of a Euphrates poplar forest in Xinjiang, China. The cells were Gram-positive-staining, rod-shaped and motile by means of peritrichous flagella. Growth occurred at 10–37 °C (optimum 30 °C), at pH 7.0–8.0 (optimum pH 7.0) and with 0–1 % NaCl. A phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain HY-22RT was closely related to Cohnella phaseoli GSPC1T (96.3 % sequence similarity). The major respiratory quinone was MK-7 and the predominant fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and C16 : 0. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylethanolamine. The DNA G+C content was 49.6 mol%. On the basis of the phylogenetic, physiological and chemotaxonomic data, strain HY-22RT represents a novel species in the genus Cohnella, for which the name Cohnella luojiensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HY-22RT (=CCTCC AB 208254T =NRRL B-59213T).