Eight bacterial strains isolated from diseased rainbow trout (n=5) and Atlantic salmon (n=3) were characterized by phenotypic and molecular taxonomic methods. The isolates were negative for the Gram-reaction, non-motile, rod-shaped and catalase- and oxidase-positive. Colonies on solid media were yellow, smooth, shiny and circular with regular edges. Growth occurred at 4–28 °C (optimum, 15 °C) and with 0–3 % NaCl (optimum, 0.5 %). Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence allocated the micro-organisms to the genus Chryseobacterium, with Chryseobacterium soldanellicola PSD1-4T and Chryseobacterium soli JS6-6T as their closest relatives (96.9 and 97.1 % sequence similarity, respectively). The levels of DNA–DNA hybridization towards these nearest phylogenetic neighbours were below 17.1 %. The DNA G+C contents of strains VQ-6316sT and VQ-4836s were 32.5 and 32.3 mol%, respectively. The predominant menaquinone was MK-6 and the major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 1 ω9c, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1 ω7c and/or C16 : 1 ω7t and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH). The eight isolates were classified as representatives of a novel species, Chryseobacterium piscicola sp. nov., with strain VQ-6316sT (=CECT 7357T=DSM 21068T) as the type strain.
A novel golden-yellow-coloured strain, designated RHYL-37T, was isolated from a soil sample from a forest of Euphrates poplar (Populus euphratica) in Xinjiang, China. The cells were strictly aerobic, Gram-staining-negative, heterotrophic, non-spore-forming rods that were motile by gliding. Growth occurred at 17–37 °C (optimum, 30 °C), at pH 5.0–9.0 (optimum, pH 7.0) and with 0–1 % NaCl (w/v; optimum, 0 %). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the novel isolate formed a cluster with members of the genera Segetibacter, Terrimonas, Niastella, Niabella and Chitinophaga in the family ‘Chitinophagaceae’ in the phylum Bacteroidetes. Sequence similarities with the type strains of recognized species ranged from 90.6 to 94.0 %. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was MK-7 and the major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1, C16 : 0 and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The DNA G+C content was 39.7 mol%. On the basis of the phylogenetic, physiological and chemotaxonomic data, strain RHYL-37T represents a novel genus and species in the family ‘Chitinophagaceae’, for which the name Parasegetibacter luojiensis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Parasegetibacter luojiensis is RHYL-37T (=CCTCC AB 208240T=KCTC 22561T).
The taxonomic status of a novel, heterotrophic, strictly aerobic, gliding and yellow–orange-pigmented bacterium (strain KMM 6264T), associated with the coral Palythoa, was determined. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain KMM 6264T clustered with the recognized species of the genus Leeuwenhoekiella of the family Flavobacteriaceae with 96.4–98.2 % sequence similarity. DNA–DNA reassociation levels between the isolate and the type strains of Leeuwenhoekiella species were 15–22 %. The DNA G+C content was 41.2 mol%. The phylogenetic evidence and the results of genomic and phenotypic analyses showed that the isolate should be classified as a member of a novel species of the genus Leeuwenhoekiella, for which the name Leeuwenhoekiella palythoae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KMM 6264T (=KCTC 22020T=LMG 24856T).