A novel Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile bacterium, strain LW1T, was isolated from a water sample collected at a depth of 3.5 m from Lonar Lake, Buldhana district, Maharashtra, India. The cell suspension was reddish-orange due to the presence of carotenoids. Strain LW1T was positive for catalase, oxidase, ornithine decarboxylase and lysine decarboxylase and negative for gelatinase, urease and lipase. Fatty acids were dominated by branched-chain fatty acids (>76 %), with a high abundance of iso-C15 : 0 (48 %), anteiso-C15 : 0 (7 %) and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH (11 %). Strain LW1T contained MK-4 and MK-7 as the major respiratory quinones and phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine as the major phospholipids. A blast sequence similarity search based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that members of the genera Belliella and Aquiflexum were the nearest phylogenetic neighbours with similarities of 91.8–92.3 %. Phylogenetic analyses indicated that strain LW1T formed a deep-rooted lineage distinct from the clades represented by the genera Belliella, Aquiflexum, Cyclobacterium, Echinicola and Algoriphagus. Based on the above-mentioned phenotypic and phylogenetic characteristics, it is proposed that strain LW1T represents a novel species in a new genus, Indibacter alkaliphilus gen. nov., sp. nov. (type strain LW1T=KCTC 22604T=CCUG 57479T). The genomic DNA G+C content of strain LW1T is 42.7±1 mol%.
A Gram-stain-negative, non-flagellated, motile (by gliding), yellow-pigmented, rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated L-4T, was isolated from seawater of Baekdo harbour in the East Sea, Korea. Strain L-4T grew optimally at 37 °C, at pH 6.5–7.0 and in the presence of 2 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain L-4T clustered with Olleya marilimosa CAM030T, a member of the family Flavobacteriaceae. Strain L-4T exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values of 97.2 % to O. marilimosa CAM030T and less than 95.8 % to other members of the family Flavobacteriaceae. Strain L-4T and O. marilimosa CIP 108537T contained MK-6 as the predominant menaquinone. The fatty acid and polar lipid profiles of strain L-4T were similar to those of O. marilimosa CIP 108537T. The DNA G+C content of strain L-4T was 35 mol% and DNA–DNA relatedness between strain L-4T and O. marilimosa CIP 108537T was 7 %. Differential phenotypic properties, together with its phylogenetic and genetic distinctiveness, enable strain L-4T to be distinguished from O. marilimosa. On the basis of these data, strain L-4T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Olleya for which the name Olleya aquimaris sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is L-4T (=KCTC 22661T =CCUG 58074T). An emended description of the genus Olleya is also provided.
A bacterial strain, designated KMM 6177T, was isolated from the sea urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius and subjected to a polyphasic taxonomic investigation. The bacterium was found to be heterotrophic, aerobic, non-motile by gliding and orange-pigmented. Comparative phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing placed the marine isolate in the genus Bizionia, a member of the family Flavobacteriaceae, with 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 94.9–98.6 % with recognized Bizionia species. Strain KMM 6177T grew at 4–39 °C and with 1–8 % NaCl. It produced alkaline phosphatase, catalase and oxidase and hydrolysed aesculin, gelatin, DNA and Tween 20. The predominant fatty acids were iso-C15 : 1, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 3-OH, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and a summed feature (comprising iso-C15 : 0 2-OH and/or C16 : 1 ω7c). The DNA G+C content was 34.4 mol%. A combination of phylogenetic, genotypic and phenotypic data clearly indicated that strain KMM 6177T represents a novel species in the genus Bizionia, for which the name Bizionia echini sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KMM 6177T (=KCTC 22015T=LMG 25220T).