Monoxenous trypanosomatid Herpetomonas trimorpha sp. nov. was isolated from the digestive tract of the biting midge Culicoides truncorum (Ceratopogonidae, Diptera). This species forms three distinct morphotypes in culture: the microflagellate promastigote, the small promastigote and the long promastigote. The last form is unique for the newly described species. Phylogenetic analyses of SSU rRNA and glycosomal glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase genes showed that H. trimorpha sp. nov. is the closest relative of Herpetomonas ztiplika, another monoxenous trypanosomatid isolated from biting midges. However, morphological and randomly amplified polymorphic DNA analyses confirmed that H. trimorpha sp. nov. is distinct from H. ztiplika.
Six strains of a novel yeast species were isolated from Nothofagus species trees in native forests in Patagonia, Argentina. The strains were isolated from bark, fluxes and the ectomycorrhizospheric soil fraction of Nothofagus antarctica, Nothofagus nervosa and Nothofagus pumilio. Analysis of the D1/D2 large-subunit rDNA sequences indicated that the novel species belonged to the genus Lachancea and is closely related to Lachancea meyersii. The name Lachancea nothofagi sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate these strains. The type strain is UWOPS 99-807.3T (=CBS 11611T=NRRL Y-48670T).
A basidiomycetous yeast, strain CRUB 1032T, which formed salmon-pink colonies, was isolated from glacial meltwater in Patagonia, Argentina. Morphological, physiological and biochemical characterization indicated that this strain belonged to the genus Rhodotorula. Molecular taxonomic analysis based on the 26S rDNA D1/D2 domain and internal transcribed spacer region sequences showed that strain CRUB 1032T represents an undescribed yeast species, for which the name Rhodotorula meli sp. nov. is proposed (type strain is CRUB 1032T=CBS 10797T=JCM 15319T). Phylogenetic analysis showed that Rhodotorula lamellibrachii was the closest known species, which, together with R. meli, formed a separate cluster related to the Sakaguchia clade within the Cystobasidiomycetes. Additional Patagonian yeast isolates of the class Cystobasidiomycetes are also investigated in the present work.