Three yeast strains, 1AD8T, 3AD15 and 3AD23, belonging to a previously unknown yeast species were isolated from two independent batches of the Spanish blue-veined Cabrales cheese, a traditional cheese manufactured without the addition of starter and mould cultures. Physiological characterization revealed that the unknown yeast is not fermentative and does not assimilate lactose; rather it assimilates dl-lactic acid and ethanol, major end products of lactic acid bacteria metabolism in cheese. The novel yeast is anamorphic. Phylogenetic tree reconstruction based on nucleotide sequence comparison of the D1/D2 region of the 26S rRNA gene showed that Pichia terricola and Pichia fermentans are the closest relatives of the unknown species. The name Candida cabralensis sp. nov. is proposed, and the isolate 1AD8T (=CECT 13027T =CBS 11679T) is the type strain of this novel taxon.
On the basis of the nucleotide divergence in the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) domain of the rRNA gene and the D1/D2 domain of the 26S rRNA gene, species of the genus Hyphopichia can be divided into different phylogenetic groups. In this study, three distinct phylogenetic clusters as well as a novel species, Hyphopichia pseudoburtonii sp. nov. with type strain CBS 2455T (=JCM 16346T), are introduced. Mating studies indicate that strains belonging to Hyphopichia pseudoburtonii are heterothallic.
Most eugregarine apicomplexans infecting the intestines of marine invertebrates have been described within the family Lecudinidae and the type genus Lecudina. The diversity of these parasites is vast and poorly understood and only a tiny number of species has been characterized at the molecular phylogenetic level. DNA sequences coupled with high-resolution micrographs of trophozoites provide an efficient and precise approach for delimiting gregarine lineages from one another and also facilitate our overall understanding of gregarine biodiversity. In this study, phylogenetic analyses of small subunit (SSU) rDNA sequences from five (uncultivated) gregarines isolated from polychaetes and nemerteans in the North-eastern Pacific Ocean are presented. Lecudina phyllochaetopteri sp. nov. was isolated from the intestines of the parchment tubeworm Phyllochaetopterus prolifica (Polychaeta). Lecudina longissima and Lecudina polymorpha were both isolated from the intestines of Lumbrineris japonica (Polychaeta). Difficilina tubulani sp. nov. was isolated from the nemertean Tubulanus polymorpha and Difficilina paranemertis sp. nov. was isolated from the nemertean Paranemertes peregrina. This is the first report of molecular sequence data from gregarines that infect nemerteans. The two novel species of the genus Difficilina described in this study formed a strongly supported clade in the phylogenetic analyses. This Difficilina clade formed the sister group to a robust subclade of lecudinids consisting of Lecudina longissima, Lecudina phyllochaetopteri sp. nov. (which lacked epicytic folds), Lecudina tuzetae, species of the genus Lankesteria and several sequences derived from previous environmental DNA surveys of marine biodiversity.