The novel genus Holtermanniella is proposed here to accommodate four Cryptococcus species closely related to Holtermannia corniformis that are included in the Holtermannia clade (Basidiomycota, Agaricomycotina). Thus, four novel combinations are proposed: Holtermanniella nyarrowii comb. nov., Holtermanniella festucosa comb. nov., Holtermanniella mycelialis comb. nov. and Holtermanniella wattica comb. nov. In addition, a novel anamorphic yeast species was studied with 15 isolates obtained from different habitats around the world. Analysis of the sequences of the D1/D2 region of their large subunit rDNA showed that the novel species is placed phylogenetically within the Holtermannia clade of the Tremellomycetes (Agaricomycotina, Basidiomycota). PCR fingerprinting and sequencing of ITS1–5.8S–ITS2 showed genetic intraspecific variability among the strains: three groups were formed, which did not correlate with geographical origin or substrate. This novel species, designated the type species of Holtermanniella gen. nov., is described as Holtermanniella takashimae sp. nov.; the type strain is CBS 11174T (=HB 982T =DBVPG 8012T). The order Holtermanniales ord. nov. is proposed here to include Holtermannia (the type genus) and Holtermanniella.
During surveys on yeast diversity in forest soils from Taiwan and Thailand, ten yeast strains isolated from different samples were found to have similar molecular and physiological characteristics. Sequence analysis of small subunit (SSU) rDNA, the D1/D2 domain of large subunit (LSU) rDNA and internal transcribed spacer (ITS)-5.8S rDNA demonstrated that these strains were closely related to Scheffersomyces spartinae. The novel strains could be differentiated from S. spartinae by a 0.9 % sequence divergence (5 substitutions, 0 gaps) in the D1/D2 domain of LSU rDNA, a 1.5 % divergence (8 substitutions, 0 gaps) in the ITS-5.8S rDNA and a 0.7 % divergence (12 substitutions, 2 gaps) in the SSU rDNA. The novel strains also showed specific patterns of electrophoretic karyotypes that differed from that of S. spartinae. Therefore, a novel yeast species, Candida gosingica sp. nov., is proposed to accommodate these strains. The type strain SJ7S11T (=BCRC 23194T=CBS 11433T) was assigned and deposited in the Bioresource Collection and Research Center (BCRC), Food Industry Development and Research Institute, Hsinchu, Taiwan, and Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures (CBS), Utrecht, The Netherlands.