Two strains of a novel yeast species were isolated from ectomycorrhizal Nothofagus pumilio rhizospheric soil in a native forest of Patagonia, Argentina. Analysis of the D1/D2 large-subunit rRNA gene sequences indicated that the novel species belongs to the recently described genus Lindnera. The name Lindnera rhizosphaerae sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate these isolates, and the type strain is CRUB 1796T ( = CBS 11400T = JCM 16499T).
In the present work, a novel ascomycete species, Lachancea mirantina sp. nov., isolated from the fermentation process that produces cachaça, a Brazilian spirit, is proposed. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the 26S D1/D2 rDNA locus showed that L. mirantina sp. nov. was genetically related to Lachancea cidri and Lachancea fermentati, although some physiological traits showed remarkable differences. Analysis of the D1/D2 large-subunit rDNA molecular marker showed a clear distinction among all three species, confirming that L. mirantina sp. nov. belongs to a separate taxonomic species in the Lachancea clade. The type strain of Lachancea mirantina sp. nov. is URM 5925T ( = CLIB 1160T = CBS 11717T).
Ten strains of a novel heterothallic yeast species were isolated from rotten wood collected at different locations in Hungary. Analysis of gene sequences for the D1/D2 domain of the large subunit rRNA, as well as analysis of concatenated gene sequences for the nearly complete nuclear large subunit rRNA, nuclear small subunit rRNA and translation elongation factor 1-α, placed the novel species in the family Trichomonascaceae, but showed that it was distinct from all currently recognized genera. The name Spencermartinsiella europaea gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate the new genus and novel species. The novel species could be distinguished from recognized species of neighbouring genera on the basis of standard phenotypic characteristics. The type and isotype strains of Spencermartinsiella europaea are NCAIM Y.01817T ( = NRRL Y-48265T = CBS 11730T) and NCAIM Y.01819I ( = NRRL Y-48266I = CBS 11731I), respectively.