A novel, moderately halophilic, rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain YIM D17T, was isolated from a sample of sediment from a salt mine in Yunnan, south-western China. The taxonomy of strain YIM D17T was investigated using a polyphasic approach. Strain YIM D17T was Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic and non-motile and formed pink colonies on marine agar. Optimal growth occurred at 37 °C, pH 7.5–8.0 and in the presence of 10–15 % (w/v) NaCl. The major menaquinone was MK-7. The polar lipid profile was composed predominantly of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, one phospholipid, one glycolipid and one aminolipid. Minor amounts of other lipids were also detectable. The predominant cellular fatty acids were iso-C17 : 1ω9c/10-methyl-C16 : 0 (24.0 %), iso-C15 : 0 (23.6 %) and C16 : 1ω7c/C16 : 1ω6c (13.8 %). The DNA G+C content was 43.0 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons showed that the isolate formed a distinct clade with the genera Gracilimonas and Balneola (both in the phylum Bacteroidetes) and was related to the species Gracilimonas tropica, Balneola vulgaris and Balneola alkaliphila, with sequence similarities of 85.6 %, 83.0 % and 82.8 % to the respective type strains. On the basis of its phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic features, strain YIM D17T represents a novel species of a new genus, for which the name Fodinibius salinus gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM D17T ( = ACCC 10716T = DSM 21935T).
A Gram-negative, pink-pigmented, non-motile, strictly aerobic rod, designated CNU040T, was isolated from seawater from the coast of Jeju Island in Korea. The temperature, pH and NaCl ranges for growth were 4–30 °C, pH 5.5–10.0 and 0–5.0 % NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain CNU040T belonged to a distinct lineage in the genus Algoriphagus and exhibited high sequence similarity with Algoriphagus terrigena DS-44T (98.3 %) and Algoriphagus alkaliphilus AC-74T (96.6 %) and lower sequence similarity (<96.0 %) with all other members of the genus Algoriphagus. DNA–DNA relatedness between strain CNU040T and A. terrigena KCTC 12545T was 44.5 %. The DNA G+C content of the isolate was 48.5 mol% and the major respiratory quinone was menaquinone-7. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0 (28.6 %) and summed feature 3 (consisting of iso-C15 : 0 2-OH and/or C16 : 1ω7c; 24.0 %). The polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, one unknown amino lipid, one unknown aminophospholipid and three unknown polar lipids. On the basis of phenotypic, phylogenetic and genotypic data, strain CNU040T represents a novel species within the genus Algoriphagus, for which the name Algoriphagus jejuensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CNU040T ( = KCTC 22647T = JCM 16112T).
A Gram-staining-negative, strictly aerobic and rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain CNURIC013T, was isolated from seawater collected on the coast of Jeju Island, South Korea. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain CNURIC013T belonged to the genus Tenacibaculum, within the family Flavobacteriaceae. Sequence similarities between the novel strain and the type strains of recognized species of the genus Tenacibaculum were 93.6–96.0 %, the highest value being with Tenacibaculum litopenaei B-IT (96 %). The DNA G+C content of the novel strain was 34.5 mol% and the major respiratory quinone was menaquinone-6. The major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH; 26.0 %), iso-C15 : 0 (24.4 %), iso-C15 : 1 G (18.5 %) and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH (8.1 %). The polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, one unknown aminophospholipid and nine unknown polar lipids. On the basis of the phenotypic, phylogenetic and genotypic data, strain CNURIC013T represents a novel species within the genus Tenacibaculum, for which the name Tenacibaculum jejuense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CNURIC013T ( = KCTC 22618T = JCM 15975T).
A Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, non-motile rod, designated MA-My1T, was isolated from a tidal flat sediment of the South Sea, Korea. Strain MA-My1T grew optimally at pH 7.0–7.5, at 30 °C and with 2.0–3.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain MA-My1T clustered with Lutibacter litoralis CL-TF09T and Lutibacter maritimus S7-2T, with which it exhibited 97.3 and 95.3 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity, respectively. Strain MA-My1T contained MK-6 as the predominant menaquinone and iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 3-OH and iso-C16 : 0 3-OH as the major fatty acids. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine and two unidentified lipids. The DNA G+C content was 30.6 mol% and DNA–DNA relatedness between strain MA-My1T and L. litoralis JCM 13034T was 6.3±0.8 %. The differential phenotypic properties, together with phylogenetic and genotypic distinctiveness, distinguished strain MA-My1T from the members of the genus Lutibacter. On the basis of the data presented, strain MA-My1T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Lutibacter, for which the name Lutibacter aestuarii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MA-My1T ( = KCTC 23499T = CCUG 60022T).
A novel Gram-stain-negative rod-shaped gliding bacterial strain, designated 35/09T, was isolated from diseased European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) in Spain. Colonies were pale-yellow-pigmented with uneven edges and did not adhere to the agar. The DNA G+C content of the isolate was 31.3 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated affiliation to the genus Tenacibaculum (family Flavobacteriaceae, phylum ‘Bacteroidetes’). Sequence similarities between the isolate and type strains of other members of the genus were 93.1–97.3 %. The major fatty acids (>5 % of the total fatty acids) were iso-C15 : 0 (24.8 %), iso-C15 : 0 3-OH (18.0 %), anteiso-C15 : 0 (8.1 %), C15 : 1ω6c (6.9 %) and iso-C15 : 1 (6.2 %). Genotypic and phenotypic data indicate that strain 35/09T should be classified as a representative of a novel species in the genus Tenacibaculum, for which the name Tenacibaculum dicentrarchi sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is 35/09T ( = CECT 7612T = NCIMB 14598T).