Two Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped bacterial strains, designated 3B-2T and 10AOT, were isolated from a sand sample collected from the west coast of the Korean peninsula by using low-nutrient media, and their taxonomic positions were investigated in a polyphasic study. The strains did not grow on marine agar. They grew optimally at 30 °C and pH 6.5–7.5. Strains 3B-2T and 10AOT shared 97.5 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity and mean level of DNA–DNA relatedness of 12 %. In phylogenetic trees based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, strains 3B-2T and 10AOT, together with several uncultured bacterial clones, formed independent lineages within the evolutionary radiation encompassed by the phylum Bacteroidetes. Strains 3B-2T and 10AOT contained MK-7 as the predominant menaquinone and iso-C15 : 0 and C16 : 1ω5c as the major fatty acids. The DNA G+C contents of strains 3B-2T and 10AOT were 42.8 and 44.6 mol%, respectively. Strains 3B-2T and 10AOT exhibited very low levels of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (<85.0 %) to the type strains of recognized bacterial species. These data were sufficient to support the proposal that the novel strains should be differentiated from previously known genera of the phylum Bacteroidetes. On the basis of the data presented, we suggest that strains 3B-2T and 10AOT represent two distinct novel species of a new genus, for which the names Ohtaekwangia koreensis gen. nov., sp. nov. (the type species; type strain 3B-2T = KCTC 23018T = CCUG 58939T) and Ohtaekwangia kribbensis sp. nov. (type strain 10AOT = KCTC 23019T = CCUG 58938T) are proposed.
Strain 15-4T, a Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile bacterial strain that produced flexirubin-type pigments, was isolated from Tibet Province, China, and characterized by using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the isolate belonged to the family Chitinophagaceae, phylum ‘Bacteroidetes’, and was related to members of the genus Niabella, with sequence similarities ranging from 94.1 to 96.4 %. Strain 15-4T contained MK-7 as the predominant menaquinone and its DNA G+C content was 46.9 mol%. The major fatty acids of strain 15-4T were iso-C15 : 0 (41.3 %), iso-C15 : 1 G (14.9 %), iso-C17 : 0 3-OH (13.2 %) and summed feature 3 (comprising C16 : 1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH, 16.0 %). These chemotaxonomic data supported the affiliation of strain 15-4T to the genus Niabella. However, a number of physiological and biochemical features enabled the isolate to be differentiated phenotypically from recognized speciesof the genus Niabella. On the basis of the evidence presented, it is proposed that strain 15-4T represents a novel species, Niabella tibetensis sp. nov.; the type strain is 15-4T ( = CCTCC AB 209167T = NRRL B-59394T). On the basis of these data, an emended description of the genus Niabella is also proposed.