Three strains were isolated from the nostrils of a koala and the surrounding environment in a Japanese zoological park. Sequence analysis of the nuclear rDNA internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region and the large subunit rDNA D1/D2 domains in addition to physiological and morphological studies indicated that the isolates represent a single novel species belonging to the basidiomycetous genus Cryptococcus (Tremellales, Tremellomycetes, Agaricomycotina). Phylogenetic analysis based on D1/D2 and ITS regions revealed that the novel species belongs to the Fuciformis clade. The name Cryptococcus yokohamensis sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate these isolates with strain JCM 16989T ( = TIMM 10001T = CBS 11776T = DSM 23671T) as the type strain.
A single strain, CLQCA-10-114T, representing a novel yeast species belonging to the genus Saturnispora was isolated from the fruit of an unidentified species of bramble (Rubus sp.), collected from the Maquipucuna cloud forest reserve, near Quito, in Ecuador. Sequence analyses of the D1/D2 domains of the large-subunit rRNA gene and ribosomal internal transcribed spacer region indicated that the novel species is most closely related to the recently described species Saturnispora gosingensis, isolated from the fruiting body of a mushroom collected in Taiwan, and Saturnispora hagleri, a Drosophila-associated yeast found in Brazil. The name Saturnispora quitensis sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate this strain; the type strain is CLQCA-10-114T ( = CBS 12184T = NCYC 3744T).
A novel species, Aspergillus saccharolyticus sp. nov., belonging to the Aspergillus section Nigri group is described. This species was isolated in Denmark from treated hardwood. Its taxonomic status was determined using a polyphasic taxonomic approach including phenotypic (morphology and extrolite profiles) and molecular (β-tubulin, internal transcribed spacer and calmodulin gene sequences, and universally primed PCR fingerprinting) analysis. Phenotypic and molecular data enabled this novel species to be clearly distinguished from other black aspergilli. A. saccharolyticus is a uniseriate Aspergillus species that is morphologically similar to Aspergillus japonicus and Aspergillus aculeatus, but has a totally different extrolite profile compared to any known Aspergillus species. The type strain of A. saccharolyticus sp. nov. is CBS 127449T ( = IBT 28509T).
Yeast strains were isolated from Vin Santo of Gambellara, a sweet white wine with the specificity of Controlled Designation of Origin produced from off-vine overripened grapes in the Veneto region (Italy). Comparative sequence analysis of the 26S rRNA gene revealed that three representative strains (ZO03-5T, CA06-8 and ME06-9) constitute a taxon related to, but distinct from, Zygosaccharomyces machadoi. Similarity between the 26S rRNA gene domain D1/D2 sequence of the three isolates and Z. machadoi was 97.9 %; moreover, the morphological characteristics and the physiological behaviour also supported recognition of a novel taxon of osmophilic non-psychrophilic yeast showing a flower-like arrangement of budding cells that remain attached to each other. The name Zygosaccharomyces gambellarensis is proposed for the novel species, with ZO03-5T ( = CBS 12191T = MUCL 53393T) as the type strain.