A Gram-negative, non-sporulating, non-flagellated rod, designated BR-9T, was isolated from soil collected on the Korean peninsula. Strain BR-9T grew optimally at pH 6.0–7.0, at 30 °C and in the absence of NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain BR-9T belonged to the genus Pedobacter and clustered with Pedobacter insulae DS-139T and Pedobacter koreensis WPCB189T. Strain BR-9T exhibited 98.2 and 97.5 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with P. insulae DS-139T and P. koreensis WPCB189T, respectively, and <96.7 % sequence similarity with the type strains of other species in the genus Pedobacter. Strain BR-9T contained MK-7 as the predominant menaquinone and iso-C15 : 0 and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH) as the major fatty acids. The DNA G+C content of strain BR-9T was 38.5 mol%. DNA–DNA relatedness between strain BR-9T and P. insulae DS-139T and P. koreensis KCTC 12536T was 3.4–4.2 %, which indicated that the isolate was genetically distinct from these type strains. Strain BR-9T was also distinguishable by differences in phenotypic properties. On the basis of the data presented, strain BR-9T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Pedobacter, for which the name Pedobacter boryungensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is BR-9T ( = KCTC 23344T = CCUG 60024T).
A rod-shaped, yellow and strictly aerobic marine bacterium, designated KYW382T, was isolated from seawater collected from the South Sea, Republic of Korea. Cells were Gram-negative and catalase- and oxidase-positive. The major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 1 G, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C17 : 0 3-OH, iso-C15 : 0 3-OH and anteiso-C15 : 0. The DNA G+C content was 32.4 mol%. A phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain KYW382T constituted an evolutionary lineage within the radiation enclosing the members of the genus Gaetbulibacter. The closest neighbour was Gaetbulibacter saemankumensis SMK-12T (96.1 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). A number of phenotypic characteristics distinguished strain KYW382T from the described members of the genus Gaetbulibacter. On the basis of the data presented in this study, strain KYW382T represents a novel species, for which the name Gaetbulibacter aestuarii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KYW382T ( = KCTC 23303T = JCM 17455T). An emended description of the genus Gaetbulibacter is also given.
A Gram-negative, non-flagellated, non-spore-forming bacterium, designated YCS-6T, that was motile by gliding, was isolated from seawater on the southern coast of Korea. Strain YCS-6T grew optimally at 30 °C and with 2 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain YCS-6T fell within the genus Tenacibaculum and was most closely associated with Tenacibaculum litopenaei B-IT, with which the isolate exhibited 95.9 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. Sequence similarity between strain YCS-6T and other members of the genus Tenacibaculum was 93.8–95.7 %. Strain YCS-6T contained menaquinone-6 (MK-6) as the predominant respiratory quinone and iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (iso-C15 : 0 2-OH and/or C16 : 1ω7c), iso-C15 : 0 3-OH and iso-C15 : 1 G as the major fatty acids. The DNA G+C content was 32.7 mol%. Differential phenotypic properties and phylogenetic distinctiveness distinguished strain YCS-6T from all other members of the genus Tenacibaculum. On the basis of our phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data, strain YCS-6T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Tenacibaculum, for which the name Tenacibaculum geojense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YCS-6T ( = KCTC 23423T = CCUG 60527T).
A Gram-negative-staining, non-motile rod, designated GG-w14T, was isolated from the rhizosphere of Angelica polymorpha Maxim. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the isolate belonged to the genus Mucilaginibacter and exhibited 93.9–97.4 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with recognized members of the genus Mucilaginibacter (closest relative Mucilaginibacter gossypii Gh-67T). DNA–DNA relatedness between strain GG-w14T and M. gossypii KCTC 22380T was <41 %. Strain GG-w14T grew at 4–35 °C, at pH 5.0–8.0 and with 0–1 % (w/v) NaCl. The isolate hydrolysed casein, CM-cellulose and starch and contained menaquinone 7 as the major menaquinone. The major cellular fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or iso-C15 : 0 2-OH; 39.9 %), iso-C15 : 0 (24.2 %) and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH (12.4 %). The DNA G+C content was 42.5 mol%. These data suggest that strain GG-w14T should be considered as a representative of a novel species of the genus Mucilaginibacter, for which the name Mucilaginibacter angelicae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is GG-w14T ( = KCTC 23250T = NCAIM B 02415T).
A pink-pigmented, Gram-negative, rod-shaped, motile, strictly aerobic bacterium, designated strain 311T, was isolated from desert sand in Xinjiang, China. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain 311T was related closely to Cesiribacter andamanensis AMV16T (94.6 % similarity). The DNA G+C content of strain 311T was 47.1 mol% and the major respiratory quinone was menaquinone 7 (MK-7). The main cellular fatty acids were C16 : 1ω5c (29.9 %), iso-C15 : 0 (21.9 %), iso-C17 : 0 3-OH (13.3 %) and summed feature 4 (iso-C17 : 1 I and/or anteiso-C17 : 1 B; 13.0 %). Based on phenotypic and chemotaxonomic data and phylogenetic analysis, strain 311T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Cesiribacter, for which the name Cesiribacter roseus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 311T ( = CCTCC AB 207142T = KACC 15456T).