Eighteen yeast strains were isolated and identified from cyanide-contaminated soil in South Africa. According to sequence-based analyses using the D1/D2 region of the large ribosomal subunit and ITS region, three of these strains were found to be identical and represent a novel species. Phylogenetic analysis based on the combined dataset of the D1/D2 and ITS regions revealed a grouping with Cryptococcus curvatus, representing a defined clade (Curvatus) in the order Trichosporonales. The three strains were demarcated from Cryptococcus curvatus by standard physiological tests such as assimilation of lactose, xylitol, 5-keto-d-gluconate, succinate and citrate as well as growth on media containing 10 % (w/v) NaCl and 5 % (w/v) glucose. In addition, it was established that these strains could utilize up to 10 mM NaCN as sole carbon source on solid media and as sole nitrogen source in liquid media. On the basis of these findings, it is suggested that the three strains represent a novel species for which the name Cryptococcus cyanovorans sp. nov. is given (type strain CBS 11948T = NRRL Y-48730T).
Citeromyces hawaiiensis sp. nov. (NRRL Y-11581T = CBS 12303T, type strain) is described from 12 strains isolated from flux of the sandalwood (Myoporum sandwicense) and adjacent soil in Hawaii, USA. Analyses of gene sequences from the D1/D2 domains of nuclear large subunit rRNA, internal transcribed spacer (ITS), mitochondrial small-subunit rRNA and translation elongation factor-1α each separated the proposed novel species from Citeromyces matritensis and Citeromyces siamensis, the other known species of the genus Citeromyces. The three species are morphologically similar but they can be separated by growth reactions in standard assimilation tests. An additional strain of Citeromyces siamensis (NRRL Y-11788), a species previously known only from Thailand, was obtained from spoiled condensed milk in Ohio, USA.