Thirteen strains isolated from virgin olive oil or its by-products in several Mediterranean countries were found to be phenotypically and genetically divergent from currently recognized yeast species. Sequence analysis of the large subunit (LSU) rDNA D1/D2 domain and internal transcribed spacer regions/5.8S rDNA revealed that the strains represented two novel species described as Candida adriatica sp. nov. (type strain ZIM 2334T = CBS 12504T = NCAIM Y.02001T) and Candida molendinolei sp. nov. (type strain DBVPG 5508T = CBS 12508T = NCAIM Y.02000T). Phylogenetic analysis based on concatenated sequences of the small subunit rRNA gene, the D1/D2 region of the LSU rDNA and the translation elongation factor-1α gene suggested that C. adriatica sp. nov. and C. molendinolei sp. nov. should be placed within the Lindnera and Nakazawaea clades, respectively.
Five strains of a previously uncharacterized anamorphic, methanol-assimilating yeast species are described here, for which the name Candida borneonana is proposed. The strains were isolated from fruit waste collected in markets in Brunei, Borneo. The sequences of the D1/D2 domains of the large subunit rRNA genes, the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions and the 18S rRNA genes were identical between the isolates and differed from the corresponding sequences of all previously described yeast species. Phylogenetic analysis of these sequences showed that the new species formed a cluster with species of the genus Kuraishia, the closest related species being K. capsulata (6 % nucleotide substitutions in the D1/D2 domain). The type strain, 11-487T, has been deposited in the Centralbureau voor Schimmelcultures (Utrecht, The Netherlands) as CBS 12507T, the Culture Collection of Yeasts (Bratislava, Slovakia) as CCY 29-182-1T and the National Collection of Agricultural and Industrial Microorganisms (Budapest, Hungary) as NCAIM Y.02008. Mycobank no. MB563710.
A novel strain of anamorphic yeast, designated strain NRRL Y-27208T, was isolated from concentrated grape juice in Cape Province, South Africa. Analysis of nuclear large subunit rRNA gene sequences from the D1/D2 domains separated the novel isolate from strains of Starmerella bombicola and Starmerella meliponinorum, as well as from species of the genus Candida that are members of the Starmerella clade. Compared to previously described species, strain NRRL Y-27208T is most closely related to S. bombicola but can be separated from this species by its ability to grow on d-ribose and erythritol. Strain NRRL Y-27208T produced sophorolipids that have an open chain structure similar to Candida batistae, Candida riodocensis and Candida stellata, which is in contrast to the closed chain sophorolipids produced by S. bombicola and Candida apicola. The analyses showed that NRRL Y-27208T ( = CBS 7267T) represents a novel species distinct from previously described species, for which the name Candida kuoi sp. nov. is proposed.