A novel Gram-stain-positive, moderately halophilic bacterium, designated strain G8BT, was isolated from water of the hypersaline lake Aran-Bidgol in Iran and characterized taxonomically using a polyphasic approach. Cells of strain G8BT were rod-shaped, motile and produced oval endospores at a terminal position in swollen sporangia. Strain G8BT was strictly aerobic, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. The strain was able to grow at NaCl concentrations of 0.5–12.5 % (w/v), with optimum growth occurring at 5–7.5 % (w/v) NaCl. The optimum temperature and pH for growth were 35–40 °C and pH 7.5–8.0, respectively. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain G8BT was shown to belong to the genus Ornithinibacillus within the phylum Firmicutes and showed closest phylogenetic similarity with Ornithinibacillus bavariensis WSBC 24001T (97.6 %). The DNA G+C content of strain G8BT was 36.9 mol%. The major cellular fatty acids of strain G8BT were anteiso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C17 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0, and its polar lipid pattern consisted of phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, four unknown phospholipids and an unknown aminolipid. The isoprenoid quinones were MK-7 (98 %) and MK-8 (2 %). Strain G8BT contained a peptidoglycan of type A4β, l-Orn–d-Asp. All these features confirmed the placement of isolate G8BT within the genus Ornithinibacillus . DNA–DNA hybridization experiments revealed a low level of relatedness (6 %) between strain G8BT and Ornithinibacillus bavariensis DSM 15681T. On the basis of evidence from this study, a novel species of the genus Ornithinibacillus , Ornithinibacillus halophilus sp. nov., is proposed, with strain G8BT ( = IBRC-M 10683T = KCTC 13822T) as the type strain.
A novel bacterial strain DCY53T was isolated from a soil sample from a ginseng field and was characterized using a polyphasic approach. Cells were Gram-reaction-positive, rod-shaped, endospore-forming and motile with flagella. The strain was aerobic, catalase- and oxidase-positive, optimum growth temperature and pH were 30–37 °C and 6.0–7.5, respectively. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain DCY53T was shown to belong to the genus Bacillus and the closest phylogenetic relatives were Bacillus pocheonensis KCTC 13943T (98.3 %), Bacillus bataviensis LMG 21833T (98.0 %), Bacillus soli LMG 21838T (97.9 %), Bacillus drentensis LMG 21831T (97.8 %), Bacillus niacini DSM 2923T (97.8 %), Bacillus novalis LMG 21837T (97.7 %), Bacillus vireti LMG 21834T (97.6 %) and Bacillus fumarioli LMG 17489T (97.3 %). The DNA G+C content was 43.6 mol% and the predominant respiratory quinone was MK-7. The major fatty acids were iso-C14 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, iso-C16 : 0 and anteiso-C15 : 0. The DNA–DNA relatedness with closest relatives was below 55 %. The results of the genotypic analysis in combination with chemotaxonomic and physiological data demonstrated that DCY53T represented a novel species within the genus Bacillus , for which we propose the name Bacillus ginsengisoli. The type strain is DCY53T ( = KCTC 13945T = JCM 17335T).
A novel Gram-staining-positive, rod-shaped, motile, strictly aerobic, endospore-forming bacterium, designated WCC 4585T, was isolated from a pharmaceutical production line. The organism grew optimally at 30 °C, at pH 8 and in the presence of 0.5 % (w/v) NaCl. Oval endospores were formed subterminally and terminally in swollen sporangia. The cell-wall diamino acid was meso-diaminopimelic acid (type A1γ) and the genomic DNA G+C content was 38.7 mol%. The major menaquinone was MK-7. The cellular fatty acid profile contained major amounts of iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0, and the cellular phospholipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and aminophospholipid. The isolate was most closely related to Bacillus oceanisediminis H2T, Bacillus infantis SMC 4352-1T, Bacillus firmus NCIMB 9366T, Bacillus circulans ATCC 4513T and Bacillus horneckiae DSM 23495T with which it shared less than 98.0 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity. DNA–DNA relatedness values between strain WCC 4585T and five type strains of related species were ≤27 % and sequence similarity values based on groEL sequences were ≤88.7 %. On the basis of the characteristics presented, strain WCC 4585T is proposed to represent a novel species, Bacillus gottheilii sp. nov. The type strain is WCC 4585T( = DSM 23668T = CCUG 59876T = LMG 25856T).
A Gram-stain-positive, facultatively anaerobic and rod-shaped bacterium, designated strain xj7T, was isolated from roots of Typha angustifolia L. growing in Beijing Cuihu Wetland, China. The isolate was identified as a member of the genus Paenibacillus based on phenotypic characteristics and phylogenetic inference. The novel strain was spore-forming, motile, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. Optimal growth of strain xj7T occurred at 28–30 °C and pH 7.0–7.5. Diphosphatidylglycerol was the most abundant polar lipid and occurred along with phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, one unknown phospholipid and three unknown aminophospholipids. The diamino acid found in the cell-wall peptidoglycan was meso-diaminopimelic acid. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was MK-7. The major fatty acid components were anteiso-C15 : 0 (56.1 %), iso-C16 : 0 (9.1 %), C16 : 0 (8.0 %), iso-C14 : 0 (6.3 %) and iso-C15 : 0 (5.1 %). The G+C content of genomic DNA was 47.9 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain xj7T fell within the evolutionary radiation encompassed by the genus Paenibacillus , its closest neighbours were Paenibacillus borealis KK19T (97.5 %) and Paenibacillus durus DSM 1735T (97.1 %). However, the DNA–DNA relatedness values between strain xj7T and P. borealis KK19T and between strain xj7T and P. durus DSM 1735T, were both 35 %. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties, strain xj7T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Paenibacillus , for which the name Paenibacillus typhae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is xj7T ( = CGMCC 1.11012T = DSM 25190T).