A yeast strain was isolated from olive brines in a fermented black olive and olive oil manufacturing plant in the town of Nyons (France). On the basis of domains 1 and 2 (D1/D2) large subunit (LSU) rRNA gene and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region sequence analyses, the strain CLIB 1303T was found to be closely related, but clearly distinct, from the three existing species of the genus Citeromyces: Citeromyces matritensis, Citeromyces siamensis and Citeromyces haiwaiiensis. Strain CLIB 1303T exhibited 6 bp, 7 bp and 12 bp divergences in the D1/D2 LSU rRNA gene with C. siamensis, C. matritensis and C. hawaiiensis, respectively. ITS region divergence amounted to more than 8 %, 4 % and 4.5 % with C. siamensis, C. matritensis and C. hawaiiensis, respectively, in addition to several indels. Like C. matritensis and C. siamensis strains, strain CLIB 1303T was shown to be halotolerant and osmotolerant. Phenotypically, strain CLIB 1303T can be distinguished from other species of the genus Citeromyces by its inability to assimilate trehalose. The strain CLIB 1303T ( = CBS 12700T) was assigned to a novel species, Citeromyces nyonsensis sp. nov.
The ascomycetous genus Taphrina Fries originally contained more than 90 phytopathogenic microscopic dimorphic ascomycetes causing specific infections in different vascular plants. Although species have mainly been identified historically according to their host and morphological and physiological traits, they can be studied and preserved in the form of yeasts arising from germinating ascospores. Due to low DNA sequence divergence and the lack of available strains, the number of accepted Taphrina species has currently been reduced to 28. The aim of this study is the description of three previously accepted species. Taphrina bullata (type strain CCY 58-4-1 = CBS 12783), Taphrina insititiae (type strain CCY 58-5-1 = CBS 12782) and Taphrina rhizophora (type strain CCY 58-6-1 = CBS 12781), which have been omitted from a recent key. The host range, the divergence of the 26S rRNA gene sequence, internal transcribed spacers (ITS) and the mitochondrial small ribosomal subunit (rns) sequence strongly support their reassignment as species.
Two novel yeast species were isolated during three independent studies of yeasts associated with natural substrates in Brazil and Taiwan. Analysis of the sequences of the D1/D2 domains of the large subunit rRNA gene showed that these novel species belong to the Wickerhamiella clade. The first was isolated from freshwater and a leaf of sugar cane (Saccharum officinarum) in Brazil and from leaves of Wedelia biflora in Taiwan. Described here as Wickerhamiella slavikovae sp. nov., it differs by 56 nucleotide substitutions and 19 gaps in the D1/D2 region of the large subunit rRNA gene from Candida sorbophila, the least divergent species. The second species, named Wickerhamiella goesii sp. nov., was isolated from leaves and the rhizosphere of sugar cane collected in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The species differs by 54 nucleotide substitutions and nine gaps in the D1/D2 domains from Candida drosophilae, its least divergent relative. The type strains are Wickerhamiella slavikovae sp. nov. IMUFRJ 52096T ( = CBS 12417T = DBVPG 8032T) and Wickerhamiella goesii sp. nov. IMUFRJ 52102T ( = CBS 12419T = DBVPG 8034T).
We describe the yeast genus Tortispora gen. nov., an early-diverging lineage in the Saccharomycetales that displays the formation of helical ascospores. The genus is based on 16 strains resembling Candida caseinolytica that were isolated from necrotic plant tissue in warm regions of the New World. Based on sequences of the D1/D2 domains of the nuclear large subunit rRNA gene, as well as other data, the strains are assigned to eight distinct species. The species are nutritionally specialized and share the unusual ability to hydrolyse casein and to grow on 1-butanol as sole carbon source. One species of the proposed new genus produces a simple ascus with a helical ascospore, whereas other species of the clade have failed to form ascospores. All species in the clade, including C. caseinolytica, are assigned to Tortispora gen. nov. The new binomials are Tortispora ganteri sp. nov., type species of the genus (SUB 86-469.5T = CBS 12581T = NRRL Y-17035T), Tortispora caseinolytica f.a., comb. nov. (UCD-FST 83-438.3T = CBS 7781T = NRRL Y-17796T), Tortispora mauiana f.a., sp. nov. (UWOPS 87-2430.3T = CBS 12803T = NRRL Y-48832T), Tortispora agaves f.a., sp. nov. (UWOPS 94-257.6T = CBS 12794T = NRRL Y-63662T), Tortispora sangerardonensis f.a., sp. nov. (UWOPS 00-157.1T = CBS 12795T = NRRL Y-63663T), Tortispora cuajiniquilana f.a., sp. nov. (UWOPS 99-344.4T = CBS 12796T = NRRL Y-63664T), Tortispora starmeri f.a., sp. nov. (G 91-702.5T = CBS 12793T = NRRL Y-63665T) and Tortispora phaffii f.a., sp. nov. (UWOPS 91-445.1T = CBS 12804T = NRRL Y-48833T). In addition, species formerly assigned to the genus Ascobotryozyma are reassigned to the genus Botryozyma. The genera Trigonopsis, Botryozyma and Tortispora are assigned to the family Trigonopsidaceae fam. nov.
Nine methanol-assimilating yeast strains isolated from olive oil sediments in Slovenia, extra virgin olive oil from Italy and rotten wood collected in Hungary were found to form three genetically separated groups, distinct from the currently recognized yeast species. Sequence analysis from genes of the small subunit (SSU) rRNA, internal transcribed spacer region/5.8S rRNA, large subunit (LSU) rRNA D1/D2 domains and translational elongation factor-1α (EF-1α) revealed that the three closely related groups represent three different undescribed yeast species. Sequence analysis of the LSU rRNA gene D1/D2 domains placed the novel species in the Ogataea clade. The three novel species are designated as Ogataea kolombanensis sp. nov. (type strain: ZIM 2322T = CBS 12778T = NRRL Y-63657T), Ogataea histrianica sp. nov. (type strain: ZIM 2463T = CBS 12779T = NRRL Y-63658T) and Ogataea deakii sp. nov. (type strain: NCAIM Y.01896T = CBS 12735T = NRRL Y-63656T).