A novel halophilic strain, BNERC31T, was isolated from solar salt, ‘Sel marin de Guérande’, imported from France. Colonies on agar medium containing soluble starch, sodium citrate, sodium glutamate and inorganic salts were non-pigmented and transparent, while cells obtained by centrifuging liquid cultures were red-pigmented. Cells of strain BNERC31T were non-motile, pleomorphic, stained Gram-negative and lysed in distilled water. Growth occurred with 20–30 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 25 %, w/v), with 0–500 mM MgCl2 (optimum, 10 mM), at pH 6.0–8.5 (optimum, pH 7.0) and at 25–55 °C (optimum, 40 °C). Growth was dependent on soluble starch, and inhibited completely by 0.5 % organic nutrients, such as Casamino acids or yeast extract. The DNA G+C content was 64.1 mol%. Strain BNERC31T possessed at least two heterogeneous 16S rRNA genes, and the sequence of the orthologous gene (preceded by the dihydroorotate oxidase gene, pyrD) showed the highest similarity (96.5 %) to that of Haloarcula marismortui JCM 8966T. The RNA polymerase subunit B′ gene sequence showed the highest similarity (91.7 %) to that of Haloarcula amylolytica JCM 13557T. The polar lipids of strain BNERC31T were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, phosphatidylglycerol sulfate, diglycosyl diether and sulfated diglycosyl diether, similar to those of species of the genus Halomicrobium . The phenotypic and phylogenetic characteristics showed that strain BNERC31T differed from species of the genera Haloarcula and Halomicrobium and indicated that it represents a novel species in a new genus, for which the name Halomicroarcula pellucida gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the type species is BNERC31T ( = JCM 17820T = CECT 7537T).
A novel extremely halophilic archaeon KCY07-B2T was isolated from a salt mine in Kuche county, Xinjiang province, China. Colonies were cream-pigmented and cells were pleomorphic rod-shaped. Strain KCY07-B2T was able to grow at 25–50 °C (optimum 37–45 °C) and pH 6.0–8.0 (optimum 7.0). The strain required at least 1.9 M NaCl for growth. MgCl2 was not required. Cells lysed in distilled water. Polar lipid analysis revealed the presence of phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, derived from both C20C20 and C20C25 glycerol diethers, together with five glyolipids. The bis-sulfated glycolipid S2-DGD-1 was present. The DNA G+C content was 62.5 mol%. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain KCY07-B2T was closely related to Halopiger xanaduensis SH-6T and Halopiger aswanensis 56T (95.8 % and 95.5 % similarity, respectively). On the basis of its phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic characteristics, strain KCY07-B2T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Halopiger , for which the name Halopiger salifodinae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KCY07-B2T ( = JCM 18547T = CGMCC 1.12284T).
A thermotolerant, extremely halophilic archaeon, BC12-B1T, was isolated from a salt mine in Baicheng county, Xinjiang province, China. Colonies were off-white–grey. The cells stained Gram-negative, were motile and irregularly long-rod-shaped (variation in both width and length) with abundant gas vesicles. The strain was able to grow at 20–55 °C (optimum, 48 °C), at pH 6.0–8.0 (optimum, 7.0–7.3), with 1.8–6.0 M NaCl (optimum, 3.0–3.5 M) and with 0.02–2.2 M Mg2+ (optimum, 0.1–0.2 M). Cells lysed in distilled water and the minimal NaCl concentration to prevent cell lysis was 8 % (w/v). Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain BC12-B1T was most closely related to Halopelagius inordinatus RO5-2T (98.5 %) with less than 95 % sequence similarity to other described species. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain BC12-B1T was 64.0 mol%. The DNA–DNA hybridization value between strain BC12-B1T and Hpl. inordinatus RO5-2T was 43.6 %. The major polar lipids of strain BC12-B1T were phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, four glycolipids and an unknown lipid. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic characteristics, strain BC12-B1T represents a novel species of the genus Halopelagius , for which the name Halopelagius longus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is BC12-B1T ( = CGMCC 1.12397T = JCM 18758T). An emended description of the genus Halopelagius is also provided.