Two novel yeast species, Tetrapisispora taiwanensis sp. nov. and Tetrapisispora pingtungensis sp. nov., belonging to the Saccharomycetaceae within the Saccharomycetales, are proposed to accommodate six strains isolated from samples of Taiwanese forest soil between 2005 and 2010. Sequence analysis of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and the D1/D2 domains of the large-subunit (LSU) rRNA gene revealed that the two species are phylogenetically closely related to species of the genus Tetrapisispora. Moreover, the assimilation spectrum of carbon and nitrogen sources and morphological characteristics are very similar to those of other Tetrapisispora species. The molecular, morphological and physiological characteristics described above indicate that these two species should be classified as members of the genus Tetrapisispora. The two species can be differentiated from each other and from other Tetrapisispora species based on their LSU D1/D2 rRNA gene and ITS sequences. Thus, the two species could be regarded as novel species of the genus Tetrapisispora, and the names Tetrapisispora taiwanensis sp. nov. (type strain SJ6S04T = CBS 10586T = NBRC 102652T = BCRC 23090T) and Tetrapisispora pingtungensis sp. nov. (type strain NC2S06T = CBS 12780T = BCRC 23409T) are proposed. The type strains of the two species were isolated from forest soil in Leinhuatsu Park, Nantou, in 2006 and from Hungchun, Pingtung, in 2009, respectively.
Four strains of a novel yeast species were isolated from rotting-wood samples in an Atlantic rainforest site in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. These yeasts were obtained from enrichments using yeast nitrogen base (YNB)-d-xylose or YNB-xylan media. The novel yeast species produces bacilliform ascospores typical of the genus Sugiyamaella, and its closest described relative in terms of sequence similarity is Candida (iter. nom. Sugiyamaella) marionensis. The yeast is able to grow in medium with xylan as sole carbon source and produces extracellular enzymes with xylanolytic activities. The novel species Sugiyamaella xylanicola sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate these isolates. The type strain is UFMG-CA-32.1T ( = CBS 12683T = CBMAI 1467T).