An exopolysaccharide-producing bacterium, designated strain DRP 35T, was isolated from the rhizosphere soil of a medicinal herb, Angelica sinensis, at Geumsan in Korea. Cells were Gram-staining-negative, non-motile, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative short rods. The isolate grew aerobically from 15 to 45 °C (optimum 30 °C), pH 3.5–7.0 (optimum pH 5.0) and in the presence of 0–1.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain DRP 35T belongs to the genus Terriglobus in the phylum Acidobacteria with a sequence similarity of 97.2 % and 97.0 % to Terriglobus saanensis SP1PR4T and Terriglobus roseus KBS63T, respectively. The genomic DNA G+C content was 62.1 mol%. DNA–DNA relatedness between strain DRP 35T and the type strains of the other species of the genus Terriglobus , T. saanensis SP1PR4T and T. roseus KBS63T, were 24.6 and 17.2 %, respectively. The predominant menaquinone was MK-8. Major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 1ω7c and C16 : 0. The polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, unidentified aminophospholipid and unknown phospholipids. On the basis of polyphasic analysis from this study, strain DRP 35T represents a novel species of the genus Terriglobus for which the name Terriglobus tenax sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DRP 35T ( = KACC 16474T = NBRC 109677T).
Two thermophilic bacterial strains, designated YIM 77925T and YIM 77777, were isolated from two hot springs, one in the Hydrothermal Explosion (Shuirebaozhaqu) area and Frog Mouth Spring in Tengchong county, Yunnan province, south-western China. The taxonomic positions of the two isolates were investigated by a polyphasic approach. Cells of the two strains were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic and rod-shaped. They were able to grow at 50–70 °C, pH 6.0–8.0 and with a NaCl tolerance up to 0.5 % (w/v). Colonies are circular, convex, non-transparent and produce yellow pigment. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences comparison clearly demonstrated that strains YIM 77925T and YIM 77777 represent members of the genus Thermus , and they also detected low-level similarities of 16S rRNA gene sequences (below 97 %) compared with all other species in this genus. Their predominant menaquinone was MK-8. The genomic DNA G+C contents of strains YIM 77925T and YIM 77777 were 65.6 mol% and 67.2 mol%, respectively. Based on the results of physiological and biochemical tests and phylogenetic analyses, strains YIM 77925T and YIM 77777 could not be classified as representing any species of the genus Thermus with a validly published name. Thus the two strains are considered to represent a novel species of the genus Thermus , for which the name Thermus caliditerrae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM 77925T ( = DSM 25901T = CCTCC 2012061T).
A Gram-stain-negative, fusiform-shaped, facultatively anaerobic bacterial strain, designated EBTL04T, was isolated from activated sludge using algal metabolites and taxonomically characterized through polyphasic investigation. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain EBTL04T belongs to the family Verrucomicrobiaceae , class Verrucomicrobiae , and is closely related to Prosthecobacter dejongeii DSM 12251T (98.6 % sequence similarity), Prosthecobacter fusiformis ATCC 25309T (97.9 %), Prosthecobacter debontii DSM 14044T (97.5 %), Prosthecobacter vanneervenii DSM 12252T (94.7 %) and Prosthecobacter fluviatilis KCTC 22182T (93.7 %). The G+C content of the genomic DNA of strain EBTL04T was 62.7 mol%. The menaquinone MK-6 was detected as the predominant quinone. Strain EBTL04T contained phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylserine as major polar lipids. A fatty acid profile with C16 : 1ω5c, iso-C14 : 0, C16 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and C14 : 0 as the major components supported the classification of strain EBTL04T in the genus Prosthecobacter . Based on several phenotypic, genotypic and chemotaxonomic features, strain EBTL04T was clearly differentiated from its phylogenetic neighbours. Therefore, strain EBTL04T should be considered to represent a novel species of the genus Prosthecobacter , for which the name Prosthecobacter algae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is EBTL04T ( = KCTC 23681T = JCM 18053T).