We isolated two strains of a novel Lipomyces species from soil collected in Chichibu forest, Saitama prefecture, Japan. Based on their morphological and biochemical characteristics, along with multilocus sequence typing using the D1/D2 domain of the large-subunit (LSU) rRNA gene, the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region and the translation elongation factor 1 alpha gene (EF-1α), the two strains were shown to represent a novel species of the genus Lipomyces, described as Lipomyces chichibuensis sp. nov. (type strain CB08-2T = NBRC 109582T = CBS 12929T; Mycobank no. MB808164). In addition, we reidentified the type strains of Lipomyces kononenkoae and Lipomyces spencermartinsiae maintained in culture collections based on phenotypic characters and/or DNA–DNA hybridization to ensure correct future identification of species of the genus Lipomyces. The correct type strains of L. kononenkoae and L. spencermartinsiae are NBRC 107661T ( = CBS 2514T) and NBRC 10376T ( = CBS 5608T), respectively.
The terrestrial oxytrichid ciliate Pseudouroleptus plestiensis n. sp., isolated from soil samples collected from the uplands of Colfiorito (Umbria region, Italy), was investigated using live observation and protargol impregnation. The morphology, morphogenesis and molecular phylogeny inferred from small-subunit (SSU) rRNA gene sequences were studied. The novel species is mainly characterized by the following: a cell size of about 145×35 µm in vivo; two ellipsoidal macronuclear nodules and two to four micronuclei; adoral zone about 26 % of body length with a mean of 30 membranelles; about 40 cirri in the right marginal row and 38 in the left marginal row; left fronto-ventral row consisting of about 27–40 cirri, right fronto-ventral row of about three to seven cirri forming a short row to the right of the rear portion of the left fronto-ventral row; one parabuccal cirrus ( = III/2), one buccal and one post-peristomial cirrus; and four dorsal kineties with caudal cirri at the end of kineties 1 and 2. The morphogenesis of the novel species is similar to that of Pseudouroleptus caudatus. Phylogenetic analyses based on SSU rRNA gene sequences consistently placed the novel species within the family Oxytrichidae Ehrenberg, 1838, clustering with P. caudatus and the genus Strongylidium. The results from the present study contribute to the expanding knowledge of the diversity of ciliates in Italian soil.
We describe two novel fungi isolated from soil samples collected in Northern Argentina and belonging to the family Aspergillaceae of the order Eurotiales: Leiothecium cristatum sp. nov. and Aspergillus posadasensis sp. nov. Leiothecium cristatum sp. nov., represented by the ex-type strain FMR 11998T ( = CBS 134260T = NBRC 109843T), is distinguishable morphologically from the type species of the genus, Leiothecium ellipsoideum, by the presence of irregular reticulate ascospores with two prominent equatorial crests, and Aspergillus posadasensis sp. nov., represented by the ex-type strain FMR 12168T ( = CBS 134259T = NBRC 109845T), is differentiated from Aspergillus acanthosporus, the nearest species phylogenetically, by its non-sclerotioid ascomata and a lack of an asexual stage on all culture media tested. The taxonomic proposals are supported by the analysis of the sequences of the internal transcribed spacer region, the D1–D2 domains of the 28S rRNA gene, the fragments of the RNA polymerase II largest subunit, and the putative chaperonin complex related to TCP-1, β-tubulin and calmodulin genes.
Three strains of a novel yeast species were isolated from water tanks (phytotelmata) of a bromeliad species collected in the state of Tocantins, Brazil. Analysis of sequences for the region spanning the SSU rRNA gene, the internal transcribed spacer, the 5.8S rRNA gene and the D1/D2 domains of the LSU rRNA gene and RNA polymerase II gene showed that these novel yeasts belong to a species that is distinct from all recognized ascomycetous yeast species. Based on the results of gene sequence analyses, a novel species representing a new genus in the Saccharomycetaceae is proposed. The novel species is assigned to the genus Hagleromyces gen. nov. The three isolates of the novel yeast species failed to form sexual spores alone or in mixtures. The name Hagleromyces aurorensis sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate these isolates. The type strain of H. aurorensis sp. nov. is UFMG-CM-Y311T ( = CBS 13264T).