The International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria (the Code) has retained the concept of legitimate and illegitimate names, despite the fact that the principle underlying valid publication of a name could easily dispense with this concept. Furthermore, changes in wording to the Code are proposed that would help to clarify the issue of names that contravene the Code.
The principle of designating type material in codes of nomenclature in support of taxonomic descriptions is an important aspect in linking the names of taxa to the descriptions and the biological material to which they are meant to refer. In the case of species and subspecies type strains, one can examine those strains physically and carry out appropriate experimental work to confirm existing findings or expand on the dataset. As such, the availability of such strains is of central importance in a comparative science. The present article examines a number of issues relating to the availability of this important material and raises a series of points for public debate.
Rule 40d of the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria governs the way subspecies names are to be automatically created if they contain the type of the corresponding species. The way that authorship is to be cited is also covered by this Rule, but in its present form may not be helpful. Due consideration should be given to altering the way such subspecies names are cited.