During a biodiversity survey of Argentinian soil fungi, we recovered a rare Scedosporium-like fungus which was proven to be genetically and morphologically different from known species of Scedosporium (anamorph of Pseudallescheria) and relatives and is proposed here as representing a new genus. This genus is mainly characterized by producing sympodial conidia from denticulate conidiogenous cells. This isolate was morphologically identical to Graphium tectonae and thus the new combination Parascedosporium tectonae gen. nov., comb. nov. is proposed. Sequence analysis of four regions of three genes, i.e. β-tubulin (two loci), calmodulin and the internal transcribed spacer region of the 5.8S rRNA, confirmed our proposal. Both the phylogenetic analysis and morphological studies excluded Pseudallescheria africana and Pseudallescheria fimeti from the genus Pseudallescheria. The former is proposed as a member of the new genus Petriellopsis, and the latter has been accommodated in Lophotrichus. The type strains of Parascedosporium tectonae gen. nov., comb. nov., Petriellopsis africana gen. nov., comb. nov. and Lophotrichus fimeti comb. nov. are respectively CBS 127.84T, CBS 311.72T and CBS 129.78T.
Three novel psychrophilic species of the genus Rhodotorula are described. Rhodotorula psychrophila sp. nov. (type strain PB19T=CBS 10440T=DSM 18768T), Rhodotorula psychrophenolica sp. nov. (type strain AG21T=CBS 10438T=DSM 18767T) and Rhodotorula glacialis sp. nov. (type strain A19T=CBS 10436T=DSM 18766T) were isolated from soil collected from an alpine railway area, from mud in the thawing zone of a glacier foot and from glacier cryoconite, respectively. All three species have been assigned to the genus Rhodotorula on the basis of molecular sequence data and physiological and morphological properties. Rhodotorula psychrophila is not able to grow at temperatures above 15 °C. Rhodotorula psychrophenolica and Rhodotorula glacialis degrade high concentrations of phenol (up to 12.5 and 5 mM, respectively) as the sole carbon source at 10 °C. Sequence analyses of the 26S rDNA D1/D2 regions indicated that the novel species are phylogenetically related and belong to a clade that includes other psychrophilic yeasts.