A novel halophilic archaeon, strain EJ-32T, was isolated from water from Lake Ejinor in Inner Mongolia, China. The taxonomy of strain EJ-32T was studied by using a polyphasic approach. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, strain EJ-32T was shown to be phylogenetically related to Halorubrum coriense (97.9 %), Halorubrum trapanicum (97.9 %), Halorubrum sodomense (97.8 %), Halorubrum tebenquichense (97.8 %), Halorubrum xinjiangense (97.6 %), Halorubrum terrestre (97.4 %), Halorubrum distributum (97.1 %) and Halorubrum saccharovorum (96.4 %). Strain EJ-32T was found to be neutrophilic, non-motile and Gram-negative. It grew in medium containing saturation concentrations of NaCl and did not require magnesium for optimal growth. The G+C content of the DNA is 64.0 mol%. Values for DNA–DNA hybridization with respect to phylogenetically related Halorubrum species were ≤49 %, indicating that EJ-32T constitutes a different genospecies. The data show that strain EJ-32T represents a novel species of the genus Halorubrum, for which the name Halorubrum ejinorense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is EJ-32T (=CECT 7194T=CGMCC 1.6782T=JCM 14265T).
A novel thermoacidophilic, cell wall-less archaeon, strain IC-189T, was isolated from a solfataric field in Ohwaku-dani, Hakone, Japan. The cells were irregular cocci, sometimes lobed, club-shaped or catenated, and were highly variable in size, ranging from 0.8 to 8.0 μm in diameter. The strain grew at temperatures in the range 38–68 °C (optimally at 60 °C) and at pH 1.8–4.0 (optimally at around pH 3.0). Strain IC-189T was obligately aerobic and heterotrophic, requiring yeast extract for growth. Yeast extract, glucose and mannose served as carbon and energy sources. The polar lipids consisted mainly of cyclic or acyclic glycerol-bisdiphytanyl-glycerol tetraethers, and the predominant quinone was a menaquinone with seven isoprenoid units (MK-7). The G+C content of total DNA was 56.1 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain IC-189T was a member of the order Thermoplasmatales, but diverged from the hitherto known species of the genera Thermoplasma, Picrophilus and Ferroplasma (86.2–91.0 % sequence similarity). These phenotypic and phylogenetic properties clearly support a separate taxonomic status for this strain. Therefore, strain IC-189T represents a novel genus (order Thermoplasmatales) and species, for which the name Thermogymnomonas acidicola gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed, with type strain IC-189T (=JCM 13583T=DSM 18835T).