Strain JW/WZ-YB58T, a thermophilic (42–64 °C), aerobic, alkalitolerant (pH25 °C 6.4–9.7), heterotrophic, sporulating, retarded-peritrichously flagellated and slightly curved rod-shaped bacterium, was isolated from the hot spring Zarvarzin II in the East Thermal Field of the Uzon Caldera, Kamchatka (Far East Russia). The isolate tolerated high concentrations of CO. The major membrane phospholipid fatty acids of JW/WZ-YB58T included iso-C15 : 0 (24.5 %), anteiso-C15 : 0 (18.3 %) and iso-C17 : 0 (17.5 %). The G+C content of the genomic DNA is 45 mol% (HPLC method). Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis and physiological properties, isolate JW/WZ-YB58T (=ATCC BAA-1258T =DSM 17740T) is proposed as the type strain of Caldalkalibacillus uzonensis sp. nov. In contrast to the type species Caldalkalibacillus thermarum, a catalase-reaction-positive aerobe, C. uzonensis was catalase-reaction-negative; thus the description of the genus Caldalkalibacillus is emended to include a catalase-reaction-negative species.
A Gram-positive, rod-shaped, spore-forming bacterium, strain S-11T, was isolated from the activated sludge of a Bacillus-dominated wastewater treatment system in South Korea and was characterized using a polyphasic approach in order to determine its taxonomic position. Cells (0.5–0.6×2.0–2.2 μm) were motile by means of a single subpolar flagellum. They bore ellipsoidal endospores that lay in a central position in swollen sporangia. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain S-11T was a member of the genus Oceanobacillus. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values and DNA–DNA relatedness of strain S-11T to the type strains of other Oceanobacillus species were less than 96.2 and 66.0 %, respectively. Strain S-11T showed distinct differences in the G+C content of the genomic DNA (33.6 mol%). The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C14 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C16 : 0. The major isoprenoid quinone was MK-7. There were also some physiological differences in comparison with the type strains of Oceanobacillus species: tests for production of acetoin and acid production from dulcitol, erythritol, myo-inositol and sorbitol were positive. The results of DNA–DNA hybridization and physiological and biochemical tests allowed genotypic and phenotypic differentiation of strain S-11T from the six Oceanobacillus species and subspecies with validly published names. Strain S-11T therefore represents a novel species, for which the name Oceanobacillus caeni sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain S-11T (=KCTC 13061T =CCUG 53534T =CIP 109363T).
Strain DCY16T, a Gram-positive, spore-forming, rod-shaped, motile bacterium, was isolated from soil and characterized in order to determine its taxonomic position. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain DCY16T belonged to the genus Paenibacillus; highest sequence similarities were with Paenibacillus validus JCM 9077T (94.4 %), P. chinjuensis WN9T (94.4 %), P. naphthalenovorans DSM 14203T (94.2 %), P. ehimensis KCTC 3748T (92.8 %) and P. elgii KCTC 10016BPT (92.4 %). Chemotaxonomic data revealed that strain DCY16T possessed menaquinone MK-7 and the predominant fatty acids were C15 : 0 anteiso, C17 : 0 anteiso, C16 : 0 and C16 : 0 iso. The DNA G+C content of strain DCY16T was 50.9 mol%. Results of physiological and biochemical tests clearly demonstrated that strain DCY16T represents a distinct Paenibacillus species. Based on these data, DCY16T (=KCTC 13141T =JCM 14928T) should be classified as the type strain of a novel species, for which the name Paenibacillus ginsengihumi sp. nov. is proposed.
The sulfate-reducing strain 343T was isolated from ancient permafrost deposits in Siberia, Russia. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses, this strain was closely related to Desulfosporosinus species, showing 97.9 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Desulfosporosinus meridiei DSM 13257T, 97.6 % similarity to Desulfosporosinus auripigmenti DSM 13351T, 97.2 % similarity to Desulfosporosinus lacus DSM 15449T and 96.2 % similarity to Desulfosporosinus orientis DSM 765T. The strain was found to contain b-type cytochromes and to reduce only sulfate and thiosulfate using lactate as an electron donor but not sulfite, elemental sulfur, fumarate, nitrate or Fe(III). These data, considered in conjunction with DNA–DNA hybridization data, cell-wall chemotaxonomy and data on physiology, support recognition of strain 343T as representing a distinct and novel species within the genus Desulfosporosinus, namely Desulfosporosinus hippei sp. nov., with the type strain 343T (=DSM 8344T =VKM B-2003T).