An aerobic, chemoheterotrophic, non-motile, capsule-forming bacterium designated DHOF10T was isolated from a soil sample collected from the forest of Dinghushan Biosphere Reserve, Guangdong Province, PR China. Strain DHOF10T was able to grow at pH 3.5–8.0 (optimum pH 4.0–4.5) and at 10–37 °C (optimum 28–37 °C). NaCl tolerance was up to 1.0 % (w/v). Major fatty acids consisted of iso-C15 : 0, C18 : 1ω9c and C16 : 1ω7c. The quinone was MK-8 and the DNA G+C content was 56.3 mol%. The polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminolipid, an unidentified phospholipid, two unidentified aminophospholipids and two unidentified polar lipids. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the isolate was a member of genus Acidipila of the phylum Acidobacteria, with the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 97.3 % to Acidipila rosea AP8T. On the basis of phylogenetic, phenotypic, physiological and chemotaxonomic distinctiveness, strain DHOF10T represents a novel species of the genus Acidipila, for which the name Acidipila dinghuensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DHOF10T ( = CGMCC 1.13007T = KCTC 42631T).
Three Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, encapsulated bacteria were isolated from a Namibian river-bank soil (strains 277T and 307) and a semiarid savannah soil (strain A2-1cT). 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses placed them within subdivision 1 of the Acidobacteria and revealed 100 % similarity between strains 277T and 307 and 98.2 % similarity between A2-1cT and the former two strains. The closest relatives with validly published names were Telmatobacter bradus, Acidicapsa borealis and Acidicapsa ligni (94.7–95.9 % similarity to the type strains). Cells of all three strains were rod-shaped and motile and divided by binary fission. Ultrastructural analyses revealed a thick cell envelope, resulting mainly from a thick periplasmic space. Colonies of strains 277T and 307 were white to cream and light pink, respectively, while strain A2-1cT displayed a bright pink colour. All three strains were aerobic, chemoheterotrophic mesophiles with a broad temperature range for growth and a moderately acidic pH optimum. Sugars and complex proteinaceous substrates were the preferred carbon and energy sources. A few polysaccharides were degraded. The major quinone in all three strains was MK-8; MK-7 occurred in strain A2-1cT as a minor compound. Major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C17 : 1ω7c. In addition, iso-C17 : 0 occurred in significant amounts. The DNA G+C contents of strains 277T, 307 and A2-1cT were 59.6, 59.9 and 58.5 mol%, respectively. Based on these characteristics, the three isolates are assigned to two novel species of the novel genus Occallatibacter gen. nov., Occallatibacter riparius sp. nov. [type strain 277T ( = DSM 25168T = LMG 26948T) and reference strain 307 ( = DSM 25169 = LMG 26947)] and Occallatibacter savannae sp. nov. [type strain A2-1cT ( = DSM 25170T = LMG 26946T)]. Together with several other recently described taxa, the novel isolates provide the basis for an emended description of the established family Acidobacteriaceae.
An aerobic bacterium, designated DHF9T, was isolated from a soil sample collected from the lower subtropical forest of Dinghushan Biosphere Reserve, Guangdong Province, PR China. Cells were Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, short rods that multiplied by binary division. Strain DHF9T was an obligately acidophilic, mesophilic bacterium capable of growth at pH 3.5–5.5 (optimum pH 4.0) and at 10–33 °C (optimum 28–33 °C). Growth was inhibited at NaCl concentrations above 2.0 % (w/v). The major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 0 and C16 : 1ω7c. The polar lipids consist of phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified aminolipids, two unidentified phospholipids, two unidentified polar lipids and an unidentified glycolipid. The DNA G+C content was 57.7 mol%. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the strain belongs to the genus Edaphobacter in subdivision 1 of the phylum Acidobacteria, with the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 97.0 % to Edaphobacter modestus Jbg-1T. Based on phylogenetic, chemotaxonomic and physiological analyses, it is proposed that strain DHF9T represents a novel species of the genus Edaphobacter, named Edaphobacter dinghuensis sp. nov. The type strain is DHF9T ( = DSM 29920T = CGMCC 1.12997T).