Three strains of a new xylanase-producing yeast species were isolated from rotting wood samples collected in the Atlantic Rain Forest of Brazil. The sequences of the internal transcribed spacer region and D1/D2 domains of the large subunit of the rRNA gene showed that this novel yeast species belongs to the genus Spencermartinsiella, and its closest relatives among recognized species are Spencermartinsiella europaea and Spencermartinsiella ligniputridi. A novel species, named Spencermartinsiella silvicola sp. nov., is proposed to accommodate these isolates. The type strain is UFMG-CM-Y274T ( = CBS 13490T). The MycoBank number is MB 813053. In addition, Candida cellulosicola is reassigned to the genus Spencermartinsiella as a new combination.
During a survey of yeasts vectored by migratory birds in the Mediterranean basin, isolations from the cloacae of members of the order Passeriformes collected in Ustica (Italy) were performed. Based on phylogenetic analysis of the D1/D2 domain of the 26S rRNA gene and the internal transcribed spacer ITS1-5.8S rRNA gene-ITS2 region, five yeast isolates clustered in a new lineage within the Microstromatales clade. The DNA sequences of these isolates differed from those of their closest relatives, Jaminaea angkorensis and Jaminaea lanaiensis, by 20 and 25 nt substitutions in the D1/D2 domain and 119 and 131 nt substitutions in the complete ITS region, respectively. In addition, the five isolates showed phenotypic characteristics not observed in their closest relatives, such as the ability to grow at 44 °C and at pH 2.5, which suggests a possible adaptation to the bird gastrointestinal tract. On the basis of the isolation source, phenotypic features and molecular strain typing carried out with randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD)-PCR and mini-satellite-primed (MSP)-PCR analysis, the five isolates were characterized as five distinct strains of a novel species formally described as Jaminaea phylloscopi sp. nov., with 551B6T ( = PYCC 6783T = CBS 14087T) as the type strain. The Mycobank accession number is MB811984.
A novel species of the genus Phytophthora was recovered during surveys of stream and nursery irrigation water in Maryland, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Virginia and West Virginia in the USA. The novel species is heterothallic, and all examined isolates were A1 mating type. It produced rare ornamented oogonia and amphigynous antheridia when paired with A2 mating type testers of Phytophthora cinnamomi and Phytophthora cryptogea. Sporangia of this novel species were non-papillate and non-caducous. Thin-walled intercalary chlamydospores were abundant in hemp seed agar and carrot agar, while they were produced only rarely in aged cultures grown in clarified V8 juice agar. Phylogenetic analyses based on sequences of the internal transcribed spacer region and the β-tubulin and mitochondrial cytochrome-c oxidase 1 (cox1) genes indicated that the novel species is phylogenetically close to Phytophthora gallica in Phytophthora clade 10. The novel species has morphological and molecular features that are distinct from those of other species in Phytophthora clade 10. It is formally described here as Phytophthora intercalaris sp. nov. Description of this unique clade-10 species is important for understanding the phylogeny and evolution of Phytophthora clade 10.
Multiple isolates belonging to the basidiomycetous genus Cystofilobasidium were obtained from forest soils in Serra da Arrábida Natural Park in Portugal. Phylogenetic analyses employing concatenated sequences of the D1/D2 domain and ITS region support the recognition of two novel species: Cystofilobasidium alribaticum f.a., sp. nov. (type strain CBS 14164T = PYCC 6956T = DSM 101473T) and Cystofilobasidium intermedium sp. nov. (type strain CBS 14089T = PYCC 6856T = DSM 101474T). Whereas C. alribaticum f. a. sp. nov. does not form hyphae, even when different strains are crossed, C. intermedium sp. nov. is self-fertile and forms mycelium with teliospores that upon germination give rise to slender basidia. The most remarkable physiological trait of the two novel species is their ability to grow at 35 °C, a property not observed for remaining species of the genus.