A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, yellow, endophytic bacterium, designated G16-7T, was isolated from the root of Suaeda corniculata in Inner Mongolia, northern China. Phylogenetic analysis, based on the 16S rRNA gene, revealed that strain G16-7T belonged to the genus Flavobacterium, with highest sequence similarities to Flavobacterium rakeshii FCS-5T, Flavobacterium suzhouense XIN-1T, Flavobacterium beibuense F44-8T, Flavobacterium hauense BX12T and Flavobacterium shanxiense YF-2, ranging from 92.7 % to 94.9 %. The predominant fatty acids of strain G16-7T were iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (consisting of C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c), iso-C17 : 0 3-OH and summed feature 9 (consisting of iso-C17 : 1ω9c and/or C16 : 0 10-methyl), while MK-6 was the major respiratory quinone. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, an unknown phospholipid, an unknown aminophospholipid, four unknown aminolipids and three unknown lipids. The genomic DNA G+C content of the strain was 34.2 mol%. Based on the phenotypic and genotypic characteristics, strain G16-7T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Flavobacterium, for which the name Flavobacterium suaedae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is G16-7T ( = CGMCC 1.15461T = KCTC 42947T).
A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped, non-motile bacterial strain, designated SCU-B140T, was isolated from the insect Teleogryllus occipitalis. Phylogenetic analysis on the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain SCU-B140T belonged to the genus Sphingobacterium. Sphingobacterium bambusae KCTC 22814T (97.87 %) was identified as the most closely related phylogenetic neighbour of strain SCU-B140T. The novel strain was able to grow at salt concentrations of 0–4 % (w/v), at temperatures of 10–40 °C, and at a pH of 6.0–9.0. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, summed feature 3 (iso-C15 : 0 2-OH and/or C16 : 1ω7c), C16 : 0, C16 : 0 3-OH, C18 : 0 and C14 : 0. The major polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, three unknown aminophospholipids, an unknown glycolipid and three unknown polar lipids. MK-7 was the major isoprenoid quinone. The DNA G+C content was 41.2 mol%. The DNA–DNA relatedness value between SCU-B140T and S. bambusae KCTC 22814T was found to be 30.15 %. According to these results, strain SCU-B140T represents a novel species of the genus Sphingobacterium, for which the name Sphingobacterium griseoflavum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is SCU-B140T ( = KCTC 42158T = CGMCC 1.12966T).
A novel Gram-stain-negative, yellow, rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobic, gliding bacterial strain, designated Gy8T, was isolated from the surface of Gracilaria blodgettii. This bacterium was able to degrade various polysaccharides, especially agar and alginate. The major cellular fatty acids (>10 % of the total fatty acids) were C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0, C15 : 0 3-OH and iso-C15 : 1. The major menaquinone was MK-6. The DNA G+C content was 35.3 mol%. The major polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine and two unknown polar lipids. Strain Gy8T showed highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to Seonamhaeicola aphaedonensis AH-M5T (95.6 %), and these two strains formed a distinct branch in phylogenetic trees generated with the neighbour-joining, maximum-likelihood and maximum-parsimony algorithms. The novel strain and the reference type strain of the single species described to date in the genus Seonamhaeicola contained MK-6 as the major menaquinone, iso-C15 : 0 and iso-C15 : 1 as the major fatty acids, and phosphatidylethanolamine and an unknown lipid as the major polar lipids. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analysis, strain Gy8T is considered to represent a novel species within the genus Seonamhaeicola in the family Flavobacteriaceae, phylum Bacteroidetes, for which the name Seonamhaeicola algicola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Gy8T ( = KCTC 42396T = CICC 23816T).
A Gram-staining-negative bacterium, strain X14M-14T, was isolated from a salt lake (Lake Xiaochaidan) in Qaidam basin, Qinghai Province, China. Its taxonomic position was determined by using a polyphasic approach. Cells of strain X14M-14T were non-spore-forming, non-motile rods. Strain X14M-14T was strictly heterotrophic and aerobic, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain X14M-14T belonged to the family Flavobacteriaceae and formed a distinct lineage that was independent of the most closely related genera: Aequorivita (16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, 91.8–93.1 %) and Salinimicrobium (91.5–92.4 %). Strain X14M-14T contained MK-6 as the major respiratory quinone, and phosphatidylethanolamine and two unknown lipids as the major polar lipids. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1 G and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The presence of iso-C15 : 1 G as a predominant fatty acid could distinguish this strain clearly from the most closely related genera in the family Flavobacteriaceae. The DNA G+C content was 36.6 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data, strain X14M-14T represents a novel genus and species of the family Flavobacteriaceae, for which the name Planktosalinus lacus gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is X14M-14T ( = CGMCC 1.12924T = KCTC 42675T).