A hyperthermophilic, autotrophic iron and nitrate reducer, strain Su06T, was isolated from an active deep-sea hydrothermal vent chimney on the Endeavour Segment in the north-eastern Pacific Ocean. It was obligately anaerobic, hydrogenotrophic and reduced Fe(III) oxide to magnetite and NO3 − to N2. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that the strain was more than 97 % similar to other species of the genera Pyrodictium and Hyperthermus . Therefore, overall genome relatedness index analyses were performed to establish whether strain Su06T represents a novel species. For each analysis, strain Su06T was most similar to Pyrodictium occultum PL-19T. Relative to this strain, the average nucleotide identity score for strain Su06T was 72 %, the genome-to-genome direct comparison score was 13–19 % and the species identification score at the protein level was 89 %. For each analysis, strain Su06T was below the species delineation cutoff. Based on its whole genome sequence and its unique phenotypic characteristics, strain Su06T is suggested to represent a novel species of the genus Pyrodictium , for which the name Pyrodictium delaneyi is proposed. The type strain is Su06T (=DSM 28599T=ATCC BAA-2559T).