An endophytic strain (designated as SYPF 7195T) was isolated from a branch of a ginkgo tree in Liaoning province of China. Strain SYPF 7195T was characterized by its grey to greyish-green aerial mycelium, velvety to floccose surface and swelling near the septa. Phylogenetic analyses, which were inferred from the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and partial sequences of the LSU and SSU of the rDNA and translation elongation factor 1-alpha (TEF1), showed that strain SYPF 7195T belonged to the genus Pseudochaetosphaeronema, and was distinct from all other species with high bootstrap-supported values (92 %). Strain SYPF 7195T constitutes a separate evolutionary clade with Pseudochaetosphaeronema larense and Pseudochaetosphaeronema martinelli, with P. martinelli as its closest phylogenetic neighbour. The nucleotide differences between strain SYPF 7195T and P. martinelli were 71 substitutions in the ITS region. Strain SYPF 7195Tcould also be distinguished from P. martinelli by a number of physiological characteristics. Combined with morphology and molecular analyses, strain SYPF 7195T merits recognition as a representative of a novel species of the genus Pseudochaetosphaeronema, for which the name Pseudochaetosphaeronema ginkgonis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CBS 140953T (=CGMCC 3.17865T=SYPF 7195T). The Mycobank number is MB 816567.
Novel Penicillium-like strains were isolated during the characterization of the mycobiota community dynamics associated with shrimp waste composting. Phylogenetic analysis of the partial β-tubulin (BenA) gene and the ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer region (ITS1–5.8S–ITS2) sequences revealed that the novel strains were members of section Lanata-Divaricata and were closely related to Penicillium infrabuccalum DAOMC 250537T. On the basis of morphological and physiological characterization, and phylogenetic analysis, a novel Penicillium species, Penicillium pedernalense sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is F01-11T (=CBS 140770T=CECT 20949T), which was isolated from whiteleg shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) heads waste compost in the Pedernales region (Manabí province, Ecuador).
Two novel yeast species were isolated from the guts of two different termite species. A new member of the genus Sugiyamaella was isolated from the hindgut and nest material of the lower Australian termite Mastotermes darwiniensis. The second novel yeast species, isolated from the higher termite Odontotermes obesus, was identified as a member of the genus Papiliotrema. Both yeast species were able to hydrolyse xylan, methylumbelliferyl β-xylobiose and methylumbelliferyl β-xylotriose. The ability to debranch different hemicellulose side chains and growth without the addition of external vitamins was observed. A symbiotic role of the novel yeast species is indicated, especially in respect to xylan degradation and the production of vitamins. Here, we describe these species as Sugiyamaella mastotermitis sp. nov., MycoBank 816574 (type strain MD39VT=DSM 100793T=CBS 14182T), and Papiliotrema odontotermitis f.a., sp. nov., MycoBank 816575 (type strain OO5T=DSM 100791T=CBS 14181T). Additionally, we transfer Candida qingdaonensis to the genus Sugiyamaella and propose the following combination: Sugiyamaella qingdaonensis f.a., comb. nov., MycoBank 816576.
During a survey of yeasts associated with insects in Central China's natural ecosystems, 116 yeast strains were isolated from the gut of adult insects in two families and from one beetle larva. Among the yeasts isolated in this study, 102 strains were identified as 20 known species in the class Saccharomycetes. The remaining 14 strains were identified as representing five novel species in the Lodderomyces clade based on the combined sequences of the D1/D2 domains of the LSU rRNA gene and the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) regions, as well as other taxonomic characteristics. Lodderomyces beijingensis sp. nov. (type strain CBS 14171T=CICC 33087T=NYNU 15764T) formed a clade with Lodderomyces elongisporus and Candida oxycetoniae. The other four novel species, namely Candida margitis sp. nov. (type strain CBS 14175T=CICC 33091T=NYNU 15857T), Candida xiaguanensis sp. nov. (type strain CBS 13923T=CICC 33056T=NYNU 1488T), Candida parachauliodis sp. nov. (type strain CBS 13928T=CICC 33058T=NYNU 14959T) and Candida coleopterorum sp. nov. (type strain CBS 14180T=CICC 33084T=NYNU 1582T), showed close relationships to the species near Candida parapsilosis, Candida sakaeoensis, Candida chauliodes and Candida corydalis. Descriptions of these novel yeast species are provided as well as discussions of their ecology in relation to their insect hosts.