A novel indole-3-acetic acid-producing bacterium, designated TEGT-2T, was isolated from the roots of Sinopodophyllum hexandrum collected from the Qinling Mountains in shaanxi province, northwestern China, and was subjected to a taxonomic study by using a polyphasic approach. Cells of strain TEGT-2T were Gram-stain-positive, strictly aerobic, endospore-forming rods and motile by means of peritrichous flagella. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain TEGT-2T was a member of the genus Paenibacillus , exhibiting the highest sequence similarity to Paenibacillus pectinilyticus KCTC 13222T (97.9 %), Paenibacillus frigoriresistens CCTCC AB 2011150T (97.3 %), Paenibacillus ferrarius CCTCC AB 2013369T (96.9 %) and Paenibacillus alginolyticus NBRC 15375T (96.5 %). The only menaquinone detected was MK-7, and the major fatty acid was anteiso-C15 : 0. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified aminophospholipids, two unidentified phospholipids, an unidentified aminolipid and two unidentified lipids. meso-Diaminopimelic acid was detected in the peptidoglycan. The DNA G+C content was 46.6 mol%. DNA–DNA relatedness values for strain TEGT-2T with respect to its closest phylogenetic relatives Paenibacillus pectinilyticus KCTC 13222T and Paenibacillus . frigoriresistens CCTCC AB 2011150T were lower than 40 %. Based on the phenotypic, phylogenetic and genotypic data, strain TEGT-2T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Paenibacillus , for which the name Paenibacillus qinlingensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is TEGT-2T (=CCTCC AB 2015258T=KCTC 33806T).
Gram-stain-positive cocci were isolated from miscellaneous sites of the skin of healthy dogs as well as from infection sites in dogs. The closest relative by sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene was Macrococcus caseolyticus with 99.7 % sequence identity, but compared with M. caseolyticus , the novel strains shared only 90.8 to 93.5 % DNA sequence identity with cpn60, dnaJ, rpoB and sodA partial genes, respectively. The novel strains also exhibited differential phenotypic characteristics from M. caseolyticus , and the majority displayed a visible haemolysis on sheep blood agar, while M. caseolyticus did not have any haemolytic activity. They generated different matrix-assisted laser-desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) MS spectral profiles compared with the other species of the genus Macrococcus . Furthermore, strain KM 45013T shared only 53.7 % DNA–DNA relatedness with the type strain of M. caseolyticus , confirming that they do not belong to the same species. The DNA G+C content of strain KM 45013T was 36.9 mol%. The most abundant fatty acids were C14 : 0, C18 : 3ω6c (6, 9, 12) and C16 : 0 n alcohol. MK-6 was the menaquinone type of KM 45013T. Cell-wall structure analysis revealed that the peptidoglycan type was A3α l-Lys–Gly2–l-Ser. Based on genotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, we propose to classify these strains within a novel species of the genus Macrococcus for which the name Macrococcus canis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is KM 45013T (=DSM 101690T=CCOS 969T=CCUG 68920T).
Two novel anaerobic, mesophilic, biohydrogen-producing bacteria, designated strains ZGM211T and G1T, were isolated from lake sediment. 16S rRNA and ATP synthase beta subunit (atp D) gene sequences and phylogenetic analysis of strains ZGM211T and G1T revealed an affiliation to the genus Clostridium sensu stricto (cluster I of the clostridia), with Clostridium acetobutylicum as the closest characterized species, showing the same sequence similarity of 96.4 % to the type strain (98.9 % between the two isolates). Cells of the two strains were rod shaped. Growth occurred at 20–45 °C, pH 4.0–8.0 and NaCl concentrations up to 2 % (w/v). Grown on glucose, the main fermentation products were H2, CO2, acetate and butyrate. The major fatty acids were C14 : 0 and C16 : 0. The DNA G+C contents of strains ZGM211T and G1T were 40.7 and 41.5 mol%, respectively. Based on phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic differences, strains ZGM211T (=CICC 24070T=BCRC 80950T) and G1T (=CICC 24069T=BCRC 80949T) are proposed as the type strains of novel species of the genus Clostridium with the names Clostridium guangxiense sp. nov. and Clostridium neuense sp. nov., respectively.