Yeast surveys associated with different bromeliads in north-eastern Brazil led to the proposal of two novel yeast species, Carlosrosaea hohenbergiae sp. nov. and Carlosrosaea aechmeae sp. nov., belonging to the Tremellales clade (Agaricomycotina, Basidiomycota). Analysis of the sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region and D1/D2 domain of the LSU rRNA gene suggested an afﬁnity with a phylogenetic lineage that includes recently reclassified Carlosrosaea vrieseae. Six isolates of the novel species were obtained from different bromeliad species collected in three Atlantic Forest fragments in Alagoas state, Brazil. Ca. hohenbergiae sp. nov. differs by 69 and 12 nucleotide substitutions in the ITS and D1/D2 domain, respectively, from Ca. vrieseae. The type strain is UFMG-CM-Y405T (=BSB 34T=CBS 14563T), Mycobank 819227. Ca. aechmeae sp. nov. is represented by one strain isolated from Aechmea constantinii leaves. Ca. aechmeae sp. nov. differs from the related species Ca. hohenbergiae and Ca. vrieseae by 36 and 65 nucleotide substitutions, respectively, in the ITS region and by 12 and 15 nucleotide substitutions in the D1/D2 domain, respectively. The type strain of Ca. aechmeae sp. nov. is UFMG-CM-Y6095T (=BM 94T=CBS 14578), Mycobank 819228.
Three strains (YIM-HL1107T, YIM-HL1045, YIM-HL1112) representing a novel yeast species were isolated from surface water samples collected from the Caohai region of Dianchi Lake in Yunnan, south-western China. On the basis of morphological, physiological and biochemical characteristics and sequence analysis of the D1/D2 region of the LSU rRNA gene and the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region, they were assigned to a novel species of the genus Hannaella. The closest relative to the novel species was Hannaella pagnoccae, but it showed 6.3 % nucleotide differences (34 nt substitutions out of 541 nt) in the D1/D2 region of the LSU rRNA gene and 9.3–9.6 % nucleotide differences (40–41 substitutions and 7–8 gaps out of 430 nt) in the ITS region. The name Hannaella dianchiensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is YIM-HL1107T (=CBS 14191T=CCTCC AY 2015009T), and the MycoBank number is MB 816297.
Two strains, D5088T and D5095, representing a novel yeast species belonging to the genus Saccharomyces were isolated from oak tree bark and surrounding soil located at an altitude of 1000 m above sea level in Saint Auban, France. Sequence analyses of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region and 26S rRNA D1/D2 domains indicated that the two strains were most closely related to Saccharomyces mikatae and Saccharomyces paradoxus. Genetic hybridization analyses showed that both strains are reproductively isolated from all other Saccharomyces species and, therefore, represent a distinct biological species. The species name Saccharomyces jurei sp. nov. is proposed to accommodate these two strains, with D5088T (=CBS 14759T=NCYC 3947T) designated as the type strain.