Two yeast isolates producing asci-containing elongate ascospores with curved ends typical of the genus Spathaspora were isolated from rotting wood samples collected in an Atlantic rainforest ecosystem in Brazil. Phylogenetic analysis of the LSU rRNA gene D1/D2 domain sequences demonstrated that the strains represent a new species and placed it next to Candida blackwellae, in a clade that also contains Candida albicans and Candida dubliniensis. Other sequences of the ribosomal gene cluster supported same placementin the same clade, and a phylogenomic analysis placed this new species in an early emerging position relative to the larger C. albicans/Lodderomyces clade. One interpretation is that the genus Spathaspora is, in fact, paraphyletic. In conformity with this view, we propose the novel species Spathaspora boniae sp. nov. to accommodate the isolates. The type strain of Spathaspora boniae sp. nov. is UFMG-CM-Y306T (=CBS 13262T). The MycoBank number is MB 821297. A detailed analysis of xylose metabolism was conducted for the new species.
A strain of an achlorophyllic alga, named PR24T, was isolated from cow milk samples from the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil. Based on 18S rDNA, 28S rRNA, D1/D2 region of the LSU rDNA and SSU rRNA gene sequence similarities, this strain was found to be a member of the genus Prototheca and closely related to Prototheca blaschkeae SAG2064T. However, the novel strain could easily be distinguished from recognized Prototheca species by internal transcribed spacer, species-specific PCR, single-strand conformation polymorphism-PCR analysis and phenotypic characteristics. The inability to grow in Sabouraud broth at pH 4.0 and the different cellular fatty acid composition clearly distinguished PR24T from the reference strain of P. blaschkeae. The combination of genotypic and phenotypic data indicates that strain PR24T represents a subspecies of P. blaschkeae, for which the name Prototheca blaschkeae subsp. brasiliensis subsp. nov. is proposed. The respective type strain is PR24T (=DSM 103592T=IHEM 26958T).
This study describes three novel xylose-assimilating yeasts, which were isolated from decayed wood collected from Bung Hatta Botanical Garden in West Sumatra and Cibodas Botanic Garden in West Java, or from litter from Eka Karya Bali Botanic Garden in Bali, Indonesia. Phylogenetic analysis was performed based on the sequences of the D1/D2 domains of the large ribosomal subunit (LSU), the small ribosomal subunit (SSU), the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and elongation factor-1α (EF-1α), and the three strains were found to represent three novel species belonging to genera Barnettozyma or Wickerhamomyces. The morphological, biochemical and physiological characteristics indicated that the strains were distinct from other closely related species. Strains 13Y206T and 14Y196T belonging to the Barnettozyma clade are described as the type strains of Barnettozyma xylosiphila sp. nov. (type strain 13Y206T=NBRC 110202T=InaCC Y726T; MycoBank MB808598) and Barnettozyma xylosica sp. nov. (type strain 14Y196T=NBRC 111558T=InaCC Y1030T; MycoBank MB819485). Strain 14Y125T belonging to the Wickerhamomyces clade is described as the type strain of Wickerhamomyces xylosivorus f.a., sp. nov. (type strain 14Y125T=NBRC 111553T=InaCC Y1026T; MycoBank MB819484).
In the course of two independent studies three yeasts have been isolated from temperate deciduous trees in Hungary and Germany. Analyses of nucleotide sequences of D1/D2 domains of the 26S rRNA gene (LSU) suggested that these strains belong to the Meyerozyma clade in Debaryomycetaceae (Saccharomycetales). The phylogenetic analysis of a concatenated alignment of the ITS region and LSU gene sequences confirmed the placement of the three strains in the Meyerozyma clade close to Candida elateridarum. If mixed in proper combinations, the strains formed one to two hat shaped ascospores in deliquescent asci. In addition to the ascospore formation, the three studied strains differed from Candida elateridarum and other members of the Meyerozyma clade in terms of ribosomal gene sequence and some physiological properties. To accommodate the above-noted strains, we describe the new species as Meyerozyma amylolytica sp. nov. (holotype: DSM 27310T; ex-type cultures: NCAIM Y.02140T=MUCL 56454T, allotype: NCAIM Y.01955A; ex-allotype culture: DSM 27468), MB 821663. Additionally, we propose the transfer of five non-ascosporic members of the Meyerozyma clade to the genus Meyerozyma as the following new taxonomic combinations Meyerozyma athensensis f.a., comb. nov. (MB 821664), Meyerozyma carpophila f.a., comb. nov. (MB 821665), Meyerozyma elateridarum f.a., comb. nov. (MB 821666), Meyerozyma neustonensis f.a., comb. nov. (MB 821667), and Meyerozyma smithsonii f.a., comb. nov. (MB 821668).