- International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
- Volume 27, Issue 4
f Acetobacterium, a New Genus of Hydrogen-Oxidizing, Carbon Dioxide-Reducing, Anaerobic Bacteria
- Authors: WILLIAM E. BALCH, S. SCHOBERTH†, RALPH S. TANNER, R. S. WOLFE
- Address reprint requests to: Dr. R. S. Wolfe, Department of Microbiology, 131 Burrill Hall, University of Illinois, bana, IL 61801.
- Int J Syst Evol Microbiol, October 1977 27: 355-361, doi: 10.1099/00207713-27-4-355
- Subject: Original Papers Relating To Systematic Bacteriology
- Published Online:
A new genus of fastidiously anaerobic bacteria which produce a homoacetic fermentation is described. Cells are gram-positive, oval-shaped, short rods which are actively motile by means of one or two subterminal flagella. Hydrogen is oxidized, and carbon dioxide is reduced to acetic acid. Organic substrates which are fermented in a mineral medium include fructose, glucose, lactate, glycerate, and formate. Pantothenate is required as a growth factor. The deoxyribonucleic acid base composition of the type species is 39 mol% guanine plus cytosine. The name Acetobacterium is proposed for this new genus, which is tentatively placed in the family Propionibacteriaceae. The type species, Acetobacterium woodii sp. nov., is named in honor of Harland G. Wood. The type strain of A. woodii is WB1 (= ATCC 29683 and DSM 1030).
Present address: Institut für Mikrobiologie der Universität, D-3400 Göttingen, Federal Republic of Germany.
Copyright © 1977 International Association of Microbiological Societies | Published by the Microbiology Society
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