- International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
- Volume 35, Issue 3
f Physiological Characteristics and Deoxyribonucleic Acid Relatedness of Human Isolates of Streptococcus bovis and Streptococcus bovis (var.)
- Authors: ROYCE G. KNIGHT*, DAVID M. SHLAES
- * Corresponding author.
- First Published Online: 01 July 1985, International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 35: 357-361, doi: 10.1099/00207713-35-3-357
- Subject: Original Papers Relating To Systematic Bacteriology
- Issue Published:
The current classification of Streptococcus bovis is problematic. Many bovine strains, including the type strain, are not typical of S. bovis strains derived from humans, especially in physiologic characteristics. Further, a number of strains physiologically resembling some S. intermedius (MG) strains carry the group D antigen and have been classified as S. bovis (var.) strains. In this work, we compared the physiologic characteristics and deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness of human strains of S. bovis and S. bovis (var.), the bovine type strain, and selected bile-tolerant, esculin-hydrolyzing strains of viridans streptococci. Our results indicate a lack of relationship between strains derived from humans and the bovine S. bovis type strain. Although, like the classic S. bovis strains of human origin, the bovine type strain was able to hydrolyze starch, it differed from human S. bovis strains in that it failed to form acid from mannitol and melibiose. The S. bovis (var.) strains did not hydrolyze starch or form acid from mannitol. They were distinguished from the bile-tolerant, esculin-hydrolyzing S. intermedius (MG) strains by their inability to decarboxylate arginine, their ability to form acid from melibiose, and their production of the Lancefield group D antigen. All S. bovis strains of human origin, including the S. bovis (var.) strains, formed a single deoxyribonucleic acid homology group distinct from the bovine type strain. Further, none of the S. bovis strains were homologous to the S. intermedius (MG) or S. salivarius strains studied. Our findings suggest that S. bovis (var.) forms a subspecies of strains of human origin and that S. bovis strains derived from humans should be removed from the S. bovis taxon.
Copyright © 1985 International Union of Microbiological Societies | Published by the Microbiology Society
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