- International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
- Volume 37, Issue 2
f Clostridium aerotolerans sp. nov., a Xylanolytic Bacterium from Corn Stover and from the Rumina of Sheep Fed Corn Stover
- Authors: N. O. Van Gylswyk*, J. J. T. K. Van Der Toorn
- *Corresponding author.
- First Published Online: 01 April 1987, International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 37: 102-105, doi: 10.1099/00207713-37-2-102
- Subject: Original Papers Relating To Systematic Bacteriology
- Issue Published:
Two strains of sporeforming, xylan-digesting, rod-shaped bacteria were isolated from a 10−8dilution of rumen ingesta taken from two sheep fed a corn stover ration. To determine the source of these strains, we examined the corn stover and isolated two strains of similar bacteria from it. The four strains were remarkably tolerant to oxygen although they did not grow in liquid medium that was shaken while exposed to air. They fermented a wide variety of carbon sources and produced formic, acetic, and lactic acids, ethanol, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen from xylan. The deoxyribonucleic acid base composition was 40 mol% guanine plus cytosine. The name proposed for these strains is Clostridium aerotolerans; the type strain is strain X8A62 (ATCC 43524).
Copyright © 1987 International Union of Microbiological Societies | Published by the Microbiology Society
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