- International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
- Volume 37, Issue 2
f Xylella fastidiosa gen. nov., sp. nov: Gram-Negative, Xylem-Limited, Fastidious Plant Bacteria Related to Xanthomonas spp.
- Authors: John M. Wells*, Boligala C. Raju, Hsueh-Yun Hung, William G. Weisburg, Linda Mandelco-Paul, Don J. Brenner
- *Corresponding author.
- First Published Online: 01 April 1987, International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 37: 136-143, doi: 10.1099/00207713-37-2-136
- Subject: Original Papers Relating To Systematic Bacteriology
- Issue Published:
Twenty-five phenotypically and genotypically similar strains of a fastidious, xylem-limited bacterium were isolated from 10 plant disease sources including Pierce's disease of grapevines, phony disease of peach, periwinkle wilt, and leaf scorches of almond, plum, elm, sycamore, oak, and mulberry. The cells were single (occasionally filamentous), nonmotile, aflagellate straight rods (0.25 to 0.35 by 0.9 to 3.5 μm). They were gram negative, catalase positive, and oxidase negative, utilized hippurate, and produced gelatinase and often beta-lactamase but not beta-galactosidase, coagulase, lipase, amylase, phosphatase, indole, or H2S. The bacteria were strict aerobes with optimum growth at 26 to 28°C and pH 6.5 to 6.9 and had doubling times of 0.45 to 1.98 days in periwinkle wilt broth. Monoclonal antibodies prepared against the Pierce's disease bacterium reacted with all strains. DNA composition was 51 to 53 mol% guanine plus cytosine, and strains were at least 85% related in DNA hybridization. Sequencing of 16S ribosomal ribonucleic acid related them to the xanthomonads. These bacteria form a distinct group, and the name Xylella fastidiosa is proposed, establishing a new genus with one species in the gamma subgroup of the eubacteria. Strain PCE-RR (ATCC 35879) is designated as the type strain.
Copyright © 1987 International Union of Microbiological Societies | Published by the Microbiology Society
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