- International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
- Volume 38, Issue 2
f Staphylococcus lugdunensis sp. nov. and Staphylococcus schleiferi sp. nov., Two Species from Human Clinical Specimens
- Authors: Jean Freney*, Yvonne Brun, Michele Bes, Helene Meugnier, Francine Grimont, Patrick A. D. Grimont, Chantal Nervi, Jean Fleurette
- *Corresponding author.
- Int J Syst Evol Microbiol, April 1988 38: 168-172, doi: 10.1099/00207713-38-2-168
- Subject: Original Papers Relating To Systematic Bacteriology
- Published Online:
Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness studies (S1 nuclease method) showed that 23 unidentified Staphylococcus strains form two homogeneous genomic species related 1 to 9% to 24 type strains representing known Staphylococcus species. These new species were named Staphylococcus lugdunensis and Staphylococcus schleiferi. Strains of S. lugdunensis were susceptible to novobiocin, produced a fibrinogen affinity factor, and failed to produce coagulase, heat-stable nuclease, and staphylokinase. S. lugdunensis strains differed from S. hominis (the phenotypically closest species) by production of ornithine decarboxylase and the fibrinogen affinity factor. The guanine-plus-cytosine content of the deoxyribonucleic acid was 32 mol%. The type strain is N860297 (= ATCC 43809). Strains of S. schleiferi were susceptible to novobiocin, produced a heat-stable nuclease and a fibrinogen affinity factor, and failed to produce coagulase and staphylokinase. S. schleiferi strains differed from S. aureus by production of an antigenically different heat-stable nuclease and the lack of pigmentation, free coagulase, protein A, and β-ribitol teichoic acid. The guanine-plus-cytosine content of the deoxyribonucleic acid was 37 mol%. The type strain is N850274 (= ATCC 43808).
Copyright © 1988 International Union of Microbiological Societies | Published by the International Union of Microbiological Societies
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