- International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
- Volume 49, Issue 3
f Note: Phylogenetic status of Anaerobacter polyendosporus, an anaerobic, polysporogenic bacterium
- Authors: Alexander V. Siunov, Dmitriy V. Nikitin, Natalia E. Suzina, Vladimir V. Dmitriev, Nickolay P. Kuzmin†, Vitaliy I. Duda
- Author for correspondence: Alexander V. Siunov. Tel: +7 095 925 74 48. Fax: +7 095 923 36 02. e-mail: email@example.com
- First Published Online: 01 July 1999, International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 49: 1119-1124, doi: 10.1099/00207713-49-3-1119
- Subject: Evolution, Phylogeny And Biodiversity
- Issue Published:
The almost complete sequence of the 16S rRNA gene of the Gram-positive polysporogenic bacterium Anaerobacter polyendosporus was determined. This allowed phylogenetic analysis of A. polyendosporus by comparing sequences of the 16S rRNA gene of this bacterium to similar genes of other Gram-positive bacteria. It was shown that this polysporogenic bacterium belongs to the Clostridium cluster I, subcluster A. Phylogenetically, A. polyendosporus is distantly related to another polysporogenic, but non-cultivatable, bacterium, ‘Metabacterium polyspora’ and can be satisfactorily clustered within the saccharolytic clostridia with a low DNA G+C content grouped in subcluster A. A. polyendosporus was most closely related to Clostridium intestinale (94·8% identity of 16S rRNA genes) and Clostridium fallax (93·1 %). Like other members of the Clostridium cluster I, subcluster A, A. polyendosporus possesses such common phenotypic features as a Gram-positive cell wall structure, anaerobiosis, derivation of energy from carbohydrate fermentation yielding butyric acid among other organic acids and the capacity for endogenous spore-formation. However, the scale of evolutionary change in the 16S rRNA gene between A. polyendosporus and phylogenetically related Clostridium species does not correspond to the profound changes in the phenotype of A. polyendosporus. Distinctive phenotypic features of the latter are large cell size, polysporogenesis (up to seven spores per cell), alternative modes of development and an unusual membrane ultrastructure.
The GenBank accession number for the 16S rDNA sequence of Anaerobacter polyendosporus strain PS-T is IG222546.
Deceased March 30 1998.
- Keyword(s): 16S rRNA gene, polysporogenic bacteria, Anaerobacter polyendosporus, endospore, ultrastructure, Clostridium
Copyright © 1999 International Union of Microbiological Societies | Published by the Microbiology Society
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