A Gram-reaction-negative bacterial strain, designated fig4T, was isolated from a subsurface sediment core of Qiangtang Basin permafrost in China. Cells were catalase- and oxidase-positive and rods. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain fig4T was a member of the family Hyphomicrobiaceae and was most closely related to members of the genera Pelagibacterium, Vasilyevaea and Devosia with 93.8–96.2 % sequence similarities. The major cellular fatty acids were C16 : 0, C18 : 0, 11-methyl C18 : 1ω7c, C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c and summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c). The major respiratory quinone was Q-10 and the major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and two unknown glycolipids. The DNA G+C content was 60.7 mol%. Based on the phenotypic, phylogenetic and genotypic data, strain fig4T is considered to represent a novel species of a new genus in the family Hyphomicrobiaceae, for which the name Youhaiella tibetensis gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is fig4T ( = CGMCC 1.12719T = JCM 19854T).
A novel Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, motile bacterium, designated strain AK21T, was isolated from coastal surface sea water at Visakhapatnam, India. The strain was positive for oxidase, catalase, lipase, l-proline arylamidase and tyrosine arylamidase activities. The predominant fatty acids were C12:0, C12:0 3-OH, C16:0, C16:1ω9c, C18:1ω9c and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or iso-C15:0 2-OH). The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, one unidentified aminophospholipid, two unidentified phospholipids and one unidentified lipid. Q-10 was the predominant respiratory quinone. The DNA G+C content of the strain was 54.6 mol%. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that strain AK21T was a member of the genus Marinobacter and was closely related to Marinobacter xestospongiae, with pairwise sequence similarity of 97.2 % to the type strain, with similarity to other members of the genus of 94.0–96.8 %. The mean DNA–DNA relatedness of strain AK21T with M. xestospongiae JCM 17469T was 34.5 %, and relatedness with Marinobacter mobilis JCM 15154T was 40.5 %. Phylogenetic analysis showed that strain AK21T clustered with the type strains of M. xestospongiae and M. mobilis at distances of 2.9 and 2.8 % (97.1 and 97.2 % similarity), respectively. Based on the phenotypic characteristics and on phylogenetic inference, it appears that strain AK21T represents a novel species of the genus Marinobacter, for which the name Marinobacter nitratireducens sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Marinobacter nitratireducens is AK21T ( = MTCC 11704T = JCM 18428T).
A bacterial strain named BSTT44T was isolated in the course of a study of endophytic bacteria occurring in stems and roots of potato growing in a soil from Salamanca, Spain. The 16S rRNA gene sequence had 99.7 % identity with respect to that of its closest relative, Pseudomonas psychrophila E-3T, and the next most closely related type strains were those of Pseudomonas fragi, with 99.6 % similarity, Pseudomonas deceptionensis, with 99.2 % similarity, and Pseudomonas lundensis, with 99.0 % similarity; these results indicate that BSTT44T should be classified within the genus Pseudomonas. Analysis of the housekeeping genes rpoB, rpoD and gyrB confirmed its phylogenetic affiliation and showed identities lower than 92 % in all cases with respect to the above-mentioned closest relatives. Cells of the strain bore one polar–subpolar flagellum. The respiratory quinone was Q-9.The major fatty acids were C16:0, C18:1ω7c and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c). The strain was oxidase-, catalase- and urease-positive and the arginine dihydrolase system was present, but tests for nitrate reduction, β-galactosidase production and aesculin hydrolysis were negative. It could grow at 35 °C and at pH 5–9.The DNA G+C content was 60.2 mol%. DNA–DNA hybridization results showed less than 48 % relatedness with respect to the type strains of the four most closely related species. Therefore, the combined results of genotypic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic analyses support the classification of strain BSTT44 into a novel species of the genus Pseudomonas, for which the name Pseudomonas endophytica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is BSTT44T ( = LMG 28456T = CECT 8691T).
Strain B528-3T, a Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, aerobic, facultatively psychrophilic bacterium with polar flagella, was isolated from an ice core drilled from Muztagh Glacier, Xinjiang, China. The novel isolate was classified into the genus Massilia. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of the novel isolate shares a pairwise similarity of less than 97 % with those of all the type strains of the genus Massilia. The major fatty acids of strain B528-3T were summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or iso-C15:0 2-OH) (57.31 %), C16:0 (11.46 %) and C18:1ω7c (14.72 %). The predominant isoprenoid quinone was Q-8. The DNA G+C content was 62.2 mol% (T m). The major polar lipids of this bacterium were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol. From the genotypic and phenotypic data, it is evident that strain B528-3T represents a novel species of the genus Massilia, for which the name Massilia eurypsychrophila sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is B528-3T ( = JCM 30074T = CGMCC 1.12828T).
A Gram-reaction-negative, rod-shaped marine bacterium, designated MEBiC08158T, was isolated from sediments collected from Taean County, Korea, near the Hebei Spirit tanker oil spill accident. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain MEBiC08158T was closely related to Alcanivorax marinus R8-12T (99.5 % similarity) but was distinguishable from other members of the genus Alcanivorax (93.7–97.1 %). The DNA–DNA hybridization value between strain MEBiC08158T and A. marinus R8-12T was 58.4 %. Growth of strain MEBiC08158T was observed at 15–43 °C (optimum 37–40 °C), at pH 6.0–9.5 (optimum pH 7.0–8.0) and with 0.5–16 % NaCl (optimum 1.5–3.0 %). The dominant fatty acids were C16 : 0, C19 : 0 cyclo ω8c, C12 : 0, C18 : 1ω7c, C12 : 0 3-OH and summed feature 3 (comprising C15 : 0 2-OH and/or C16 : 1ω7c). Several phenotypic characteristics differentiate strain MEBiC08158T from phylogenetically close members of the genus Alcanivorax. Therefore, strain MEBiC08158T should be classified as representing a novel species of the genus Alcanivorax, for which the name Alcanivorax gelatiniphagus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MEBiC08158T ( = KCCM 42990T = JCM 18425T).
Three strains of methylotrophic Rhodocyclaceae (FAM1T, RZ18-153 and RZ94) isolated from Lake Washington sediment samples were characterized. Based on phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences the strains should be assigned to the genus Methyloversatilis. Similarly to other members of the family, the strains show broad metabolic capabilities and are able to utilize a number of organic acids, alcohols and aromatic compounds in addition to methanol and methylamine. The main fatty acids were 16:1ω7c (49–59 %) and 16:0 (32–29 %). Genomes of all isolates were sequenced, assembled and annotated in collaboration with the DOE Joint Genome Institute (JGI). Genome comparison revealed that the strains FAM1T, RZ18-153 and RZ94 are closely related to each other and almost equally distant from two previously described species of the genus Methyloversatilis, Methyloversatilis universalis and Methyloversatilis thermotolerans. Like other methylotrophic species of the genus Methyloversatilis, all three strains possess one-subunit PQQ-dependent ethanol/methanol dehydrogenase (Mdh-2), the N-methylglutamate pathway and the serine cycle (isocitrate lyase/malate synthase, Icl/ms+ variant). Like M. universalis, strains FAM1T, RZ18-153 and RZ94 have a quinohemoprotein amine dehydrogenase, a tungsten-containing formaldehyde ferredoxin oxidoreductase, phenol hydroxylase, and the complete Calvin cycle. Similarly to M. thermotolerans, the three strains possess two-subunit methanol dehydrogenase (MxaFI), monoamine oxidase (MAO) and nitrogenase. Based on the phenotypic and genomic data, the strains FAM1T, RZ18-153 and RZ94 represent a novel species of the genus Methyloversatilis, for which the name Methyloversatilis discipulorum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is FAM1T ( = JCM 30542T = VKM = B-2888T).
A taxonomic study was carried out on strain L6M1-5T, which was isolated from deep-sea sediment collected from the South Atlantic Ocean. The isolate was Gram-reaction-negative, oxidase-negative and catalase-weakly positive. Growth was observed in the presence of 0.5–15 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum 3–5 %), at 10–41 °C (optimum 28–30 °C), and pH 5.0–10.5 (optimum pH 7.0). The principal fatty acids were summed feature8 (C18 : 1ω7c/ω6c) (84.2 %), C18 : 0 (6.3 %), C12 : 1 3-OH (3.2 %) and C16 : 0 (2.7 %). The polar lipid profile comprised phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, two unidentified aminolipids, two unknown phospholipids and one unknown lipid. Ubiquinone-10 was the major quinone. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 66.0 mol %. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain L6M1-5T belonged to the genus Mameliella and shared 95.8 % sequence similarity with Mameliella alba JLT354-WT. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data show that strain L6M1-5T represents a novel species of the genus Mameliella, for which the name Mameliella. atlantica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is L6M1-5T ( = MCCC 1A07531T = JCM 30230T).
Nine Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) bacteria were isolated during environmental surveys for the ecological niche of Burkholderia pseudomallei, the aetiological agent of melioidosis, in the Northern Territory of Australia. They represented two multi-locus sequence analysis-based clusters, referred to as Bcc B and Bcc L. Three additional environmental and clinical Bcc B isolates were identified upon deposition of the sequences in the PubMLST database. Analysis of the concatenated nucleotide sequence divergence levels within both groups (1.4 and 1.9 %, respectively) and towards established Bcc species (4.0 and 3.9 %, respectively) demonstrated that the two taxa represented novel Bcc species. All 12 isolates were further characterized using 16S rRNA and recA gene sequence analysis, RAPD analysis, DNA base content determination, fatty acid methyl ester analysis and biochemical profiling. Analysis of recA gene sequences revealed a remarkable diversity within each of these taxa, but, together, the results supported the affiliation of the two taxa to the Bcc. Bcc B strains can be differentiated from most other Bcc members by the assimilation of maltose. Bcc L strains can be differentiated from other Bcc members by the absence of assimilation of N-acetylglucosamine. The names Burkholderia stagnalis sp. nov. with type strain LMG 28156T ( = CCUG 65686T) and Burkholderia territorii sp. nov. with type strain LMG 28158T ( = CCUG 65687T) are proposed for Bcc B and Bcc L bacteria, respectively.
A taxonomic study employing a polyphasic approach was carried out on strain FT102T, which was isolated from a deep-sea sediment sample collected in the south-west Indian Ocean at a depth of 2784 m. The strain was Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped and non-spore-forming. It grew optimally at 37–42 °C, pH 6.5–8.5 and in the presence of 1–4 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences confirmed the separation of the novel strain from recognized members of the genus Kangiella that are available in public databases. Strain FT102T exhibited 95.5–98.6 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity to the type strains of the eight recognized species of the genus Kangiella. The chemotaxonomically characteristic fatty acid iso-C15:0 and ubiquinone Q-8 were also detected. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine. The DNA G+C content of strain FT102T was 45.0 mol%. The mean DNA–DNA relatedness values between strain FT102T and the type strains of Kangiella aquimarina and Kangiella koreensis were 47.3 % and 13.7 %, respectively. The combined results of phylogenetic, physiological and chemotaxonomic studies indicated that strain FT102T was affiliated with the genus Kangiella but differed from the recognized species of the genus Kangiella. Therefore, strain FT102T represents a novel species of the genus Kangiella, for which the name Kangiella profundi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is FT102T ( = CGMCC 1.12959T = KCTC 42297T = JCM 30232T)
A pale yellow, ovoid- to rod-shaped and budding bacterium, designated strain M-S13-148T, was isolated from a decayed bone of whale from the eastern coast of King George Island, South Shetlands, Antarctica. Strain M-S13-148T exhibited motility, aerobic growth and was Gram-stain-negative. Strain M-S13-148T was positive for catalase and oxidase. Growth was observed at pH 6.0–9.0, at 4–42 °C and with 0–14 % (w/v) NaCl. The novel strain contained diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine and an unknown phospholipid as the major polar lipids. The dominant cellular fatty acids were summed feature 8 (C18 : 1ω7c and/or C18 : 1ω6c), (58.8 %) and C16 : 0 (11.7 %). The respiratory quinone was Q-10 and the DNA G+C content was 60.9 mol%. Neighbour-joining, maximum-likelihood and minimum-evolution phylogenetic trees, based on 16S rRNA gene sequences, indicated that strain M-S13-148T belonged to the genus Roseovarius and was most closely related to Roseovarius nanhaiticus CCTCC AB 208317T (93.72 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with respect to members of the genus Roseovarius ranged from 91.81 to 93.94 %. On the basis of phenotypic, molecular and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain M-S13-148 is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Roseovarius, for which the name Roseovarius antarcticus sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is M-S13-148T ( = CCTCC AB2014072T = LMG 28420T).