Four aerobic bacteria, designated MP5ACTX2T, MP5ACTX8T, MP5ACTX9T and S6CTX5AT, were isolated from tundra soil of north-western Finland (69° 03′ N 20° 50′ E). Cells of all isolates were Gram-negative, non-motile rods. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that they belonged to the genus Granulicella of subdivision 1 of the phylum Acidobacteria . 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between the new isolates and the type strains of Granulicella aggregans , Granulicella paludicola , Granulicella pectinivorans and Granulicella rosea ranged from 94 to 99 %. Analysis of the RNA polymerase beta subunit (rpoB) gene sequence indicated that the isolates represented novel species of the genus Granulicella (<92 % rpoB sequence similarity between the isolates and members of the genus Granulicella ). This was also confirmed by low DNA–DNA relatedness (31 %) between strain S6CTX5AT and the type strain of G. pectinivorans , which exhibited 99.1 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity and 91.7 % rpoB gene sequence similarity. The isolates grew at pH 3.5–6.5 and at 4–26 °C. Sugars were the preferred growth substrates. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, C16 : 1ω7c and C16 : 0 and the major isoprenoid quinone was MK-8. The DNA G+C content was 56–60 mol%. On the basis of phylogenetic analysis and chemotaxonomic and physiological data, the isolates represent four novel species of the genus Granulicella , for which the names Granulicella arctica MP5ACTX2T ( = ATCC BAA-1858T = DSM 23128T), Granulicella mallensis MP5ACTX8T ( = ATCC BAA-1857T = DSM 23137T), Granulicella tundricola MP5ACTX9T (ATCC BAA-1859T = DSM 23138T) and Granulicella sapmiensis S6CTX5AT ( = LMG 26174T = DSM 23136T) are proposed. An emended description of the genus Granulicella is also presented.
A yellow-pigmented, Gram-reaction-negative, non-motile, aerobic bacterium, designated DR4-30T, was isolated from tundra soil near Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard Archipelago, Norway (78° 58′ N 12° 03′ E). Growth occurred at 4–28 °C (optimum 20–25 °C) and at pH 7–8 (optimum pH 7). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain DR4-30T belongs to the genus Luteolibacter in the family Verrucomicrobiaceae . The 16S rRNA gene sequence of this strain showed 95.4 and 94.7 % sequence similarity to those of Luteolibacter pohnpeiensis A4T-83T and Luteolibacter algae A5J-41-2T, respectively. The major respiratory quinones were MK-9 and MK-10; the predominant cellular fatty acids were summed feature 3 (C16 : 1ω7c and/or C16 : 1ω6c; 20.7 %), iso-C14 : 0 (20.3 %), C17 : 0 (10.7 %), C16 : 0 (8.0 %) and C14 : 0 (6.6 %). The DNA G+C content was 57.3 mol%. On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic data, strain DR4-30T represents a novel species of the genus Luteolibacter , for which the name Luteolibacter luojiensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DR4-30T ( = CCTCC AB 2010415T = NRRL B-59669T). An emended description of the genus Luteolibacter is also provided.