A novel thermophilic, moderately halophilic, rod-shaped bacterium, strain MET-BT, with a sheath-like outer structure (toga) was isolated from an offshore oil-producing well in Congo, West Africa. Strain MET-BT was a Gram-negative bacterium with the ability to reduce elemental sulfur, but not sulfate, thiosulfate or sulfite into sulfide. The optimum growth conditions were 60 °C, pH 6.7–7.2 and 4–6 % NaCl. The DNA G+C content was 34.6 mol%. Strain MET-BT was phylogenetically related to members of the genus Petrotoga; Petrotoga miotherma, Petrotoga olearia and Petrotoga mexicana were the closest relatives, with type strains exhibiting more than 99 % identity in an analysis of small-subunit rRNA gene sequences. The values for DNA–DNA relatedness between the type strains of these three species and strain MET-BT were less than 42 %. As MET-BT was found to be genetically and physiologically different from other species of the genus Petrotoga, this strain is proposed as representing a novel species, for which the name Petrotoga halophila sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MET-BT (=DSM 16923T=CCUG 50214T).
The goal of this project was to isolate representative Fe(III)-reducing bacteria from kaolin clays that may influence iron mineralogy in kaolin. Two novel dissimilatory Fe(III)-reducing bacteria, strains G12T and G13T, were isolated from sedimentary kaolin strata in Georgia (USA). Cells of strains G12T and G13T were motile, non-spore-forming regular rods, 1–2 μm long and 0.6 μm in diameter. Cells had one lateral flagellum. Phylogenetic analyses using the 16S rRNA gene sequence of the novel strains demonstrated their affiliation to the genus Geobacter. Strain G12T was most closely related to Geobacter pelophilus (94.7 %) and Geobacter chapellei (94.1 %). Strain G13T was most closely related to Geobacter grbiciae (95.3 %) and Geobacter metallireducens (95.1 %). Based on phylogenetic analyses and phenotypic differences between the novel isolates and other closely related species of the genus Geobacter, the isolates are proposed as representing two novel species, Geobacter argillaceus sp. nov. (type strain G12T=ATCC BAA-1139T=JCM 12999T) and Geobacter pickeringii sp. nov. (type strain G13T=ATCC BAA-1140T=DSM 17153T=JCM 13000T). Another isolate, strain R7T, was derived from a primary kaolin deposit in Russia. The cells of strain R7T were motile, spore-forming, slightly curved rods, 0.6×2.0–6.0 μm in size and with up to six peritrichous flagella. Strain R7T was capable of reducing Fe(III) only in the presence of a fermentable substrate. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis demonstrated that this isolate is unique, showing less than 92 % similarity to bacteria of the Sporomusa–Pectinatus–Selenomomas phyletic group, including ‘Anaerospora hongkongensis’ (90.2 %), Acetonema longum (90.6 %), Dendrosporobacter quercicolus (90.9 %) and Anaerosinus glycerini (91.5 %). On the basis of phylogenetic analysis and physiological tests, strain R7T is proposed to represent a novel genus and species, Pelosinus fermentans gen. nov., sp. nov. (type strain R7T=DSM 17108T=ATCC BAA-1133T), in the Sporomusa–Pectinatus–Selenomonas group.
A novel yeast species, Metschnikowia cerradonensis sp. nov., is described from 12 strains isolated from flowers of Ipomoea carnea and from beetles of the genus Conotelus in the Cerrado ecosystem in the region of Jalapão, Tocantins State, Brazil. Analysis of the sequences of the rRNA gene cluster suggested that M. cerradonensis is closely related to Metschnikowia santaceciliae, Metschnikowia continentalis and an undescribed species represented by strain UWOPS 00-154.1. These species mate together but ascospores are very rarely formed, showing that they represent distinct biological species. M. cerradonensis is apparently endemic to the Cerrado ecosystem of the Jalapão area. The type strain of M. cerradonensis is UFMG 03-T67.1T (h+) (=CBS 10409T=NRRL Y-48067T) and the designated allotype is UFMG 03-T68.1 (h−) (=CBS 10410=NRRL Y-48068).